Nucleic Acids, mitosis and protein synthesis
building blocks of proteins
chromosomes move toward opposite ends
mutations lead to cancer
composed of protein and a molecule called DNA
A set of three adjacent nucleotides, also called triplet, in mRNA that base-pair with the corresponding aniticodon of tRNA molecule that carries a particular amino acid, hence, specifying the type and sequence of amino acids for protein synthesis.
in all living things
two strands join together with the bases in the middle, twisting
responsible for the physical and inheritable characteristics or phenotype of an organism. It also specifies the structure of a protein, and an RNA molecule.
enzyme that seperates the two original strands
not apart of mitosis
second step and the sister chromatids line up along the cell
daughter cells are identical
codes for a trait
adennine, guannine, cytosine ad thymine
Nucleic acids may be in the form of DNA or RNA molecules containing the genetic information important for all cellular functions and heredity.
made up of monomers and join together. Has a phosphate, sugar and nitrogenous base.
A salt of phosphoric acid.
creates 2 new strands of DNA and proof reads for any mistakes
1st step in DNA and condenses to a chromosome
After DNA is transcribed into a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule during transcription, the mRNA must be translated to produce a protein. In translation, mRNA along with transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomes work together to produce proteins.
DNA replicates and as do chromsomes
chromosomes unwind back to DNA
starts in the nucleus (TRNA transcribes language)
brings in amino acids and attaches to the MRNA
transfer and happens in the cytoplasm