Ch 16: The Autonomic Nervous System and Higher-Order Functions

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1

This ACh receptor is also a G protein and produces longer-lasting effects than nicotinic receptors do. Responses can be excitatory or inhibitory.

muscarinic receptor

2

This ACh receptor is located on ganglionic cells and causes excitation of the ganglionic neuron or muscle fiber by opening chemically gated channels.

nicotinic receptor

3

This sympathetic nervous system receptor causes the release of intracellular calcium ions from the endoplasmic reticulum to stimulate activity in the cell.right answer feedback:

alpha-1 receptor

4

This sympathetic nervous system receptor is found in adipose tissue and causes the breakdown of triglycerides, or lipolysis, for use by other tissues.

beta-3 receptor

5

This psychological disorder is marked by pronounced disturbances of mood, thought patterns, and behavior that may be linked to excessive dopamine production.right answer feedback:

schizophrenia

6

This disorder is a loss of higher-order functions, caused most often by senile dementia. It is seen most often in the elderly over age 65 but can affect younger individuals.

Alzheimer’s disease

7

Caused by disease or trauma, this disorder is a loss of the ability to remember events in the past.right answer feedback:

retrograde amnesia

8

This disorder is a loss of ACh- and GABA-secreting neurons in which the basal nuclei are affected, along with the frontal lobes. Intellect and ability to control movement decline.

Huntington’s disease