Clem~Chem Ionic Compounds & Nomenclature: Acids and Molecular compounds

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1

What do metals do to achieve stability?

Lose electrons

2

What do nonmentals do to achieve stability?

Gain electrons

3

When electrons are transferred the atoms become?

Ions

4

Cations

Positively charged ions

5

Anions

Negatively charged ions

6

Cations and anions bond to make?

An ionic compound or salt

7

Salts are made of?

Metals and nonmetals or polyatomic ions

8

Characteristics of salts

Brittle, high melting point, electrical conductors in aqueous and melted/liquid phases, solid at room temperature

9

Monatomic ions means

"one-atomed" ions

10

Polyatomic ions means

"many-atomed" ions

11

Acids will always have what as the cation?

H +

12

Acids will be in what phase?

Aqueous

13

Acids with "ide" anions add what prefix?

"hydro"

14

Acids with "ide" anions add what suffix to the root?

"ic"

15

Acids with "ide" anions end with what?

"acid" as a separate word

16

Example of acids with "ide" anions (HCl)

Anion=Chloride
chlor-ide= chlor
chlor+hydro+ic= hydrochloric + acid? =
Hydrochloric acid

17

Acids with "ite" anions add what suffix to the root?

"ous"

18

Acids with "ite" anions end with what?

"acid" as a separate word

19

What elements are special cases for "ite" and "ate"?

Sulfite=sulfur
phosphite=phosphor

20

Acids with "ate" anions drop what?

"ate"

21

Acids with "ate" anions add what to the root?

"ic"

22

Acids with "ate" anions end with what?

"acid" as a separate word

23

Molecular compounds are made of what?

Nonmetals

24

What two elements do we consider to have nonmetallic properties?

B and Ga

25

Molecular compounds end in what?

"ide"

26

subscript of 1

mono-

27

subscript of 2

di-

28

subscript of 3

tri-

29

subscript of 4

tetra-

30

subscript of 5

penta-

31

subscript of 6

hexa-

32

subscript of 7

hepta-

33

subscript of 8

octa-

34

subscript of 9

nona-

35

subscript of 10

deca-

36

When do you use prefixes on the first element?

When there is a subscript

37

Do you use prefixes on the second element?

Always

38

There is never what prefix on the first element?

mono-