Which of the following best describes how deviance is defined?
Deviance is socially defined.
Societies practice social control to maintain ________.
According to C. Wright Mills, which of the following people is most likely to be a member of the power elite?
According to social disorganization theory, crime is most likely to occur where?
A community where neighbors don't know each other very well
Shaw and McKay found that crime is linked primarily to ________.
______ deviance is a violation of norms that ______result in a person being labeled a deviant.
primary; does not
Which of the following is an example of corporate crime?
Spousal abuse is an example of a ________.
What is a disadvantage of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)?
The NCVS may be unable to reach important groups, such as those without phones.
What factor makes caste systems closed?
People cannot change their social standings.
What factor makes class systems open?
They allow for movement between the classes.
Which of these systems allows for the most social mobility?
In the United States, most people define themselves as:
Structural mobility occurs when:
A large group moves up or down the class ladder due to societal changes
The behaviors, customs, and norms associated with a class are known as:
Occupational prestige means that jobs are:
Not equally valued
Social stratification is a system that:
Ranks society members into categories
When Karl Marx said workers experience alienation, he meant that workers:
do not feel connected to their work
Conflict theorists view capitalists as those who:
Get rich while workers stay poor
Sociologists tend to define family in terms of
how a given society sanctions the relationships of people who are connected through blood, marriage, or adoption
A woman being married to two men would be an example of:
A child who associates his line of descent with his father's side only is part of a _____ society.
The majority of U.S. children live in:
Same-sex couple households account for _____ percent of U.S. households.
The median age of first marriage has ______ in the last fifty years.
increased for both men and women
Children of divorced parents are _______ to divorce in their own marriage than children of parents who stayed married.
In general, children in ______ households benefit from divorce.
Which type of child abuse is most prevalent in the United States?
The population of the planet doubled in fifty years to reach _______ in 1999?
What does carrying capacity refer to?
The amount of life that can be supported sustainably in a particular environment
What three factors did Malthus believe would limit human population?
War, famine, and disease
What are the prerequisites for the existence of a city?
a.Good environment with water and a favorable climate
b. Advanced agricultural technology
c. Strong social organization
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
What led to the creation of the exurbs?
Urban sprawl and crowds moving into the city
How does gentrification affect cities?
Less affluent residents are pushed into less desirable areas.
Urbanization includes the sociological study of what?
a. Urban economics
b. Urban politics
c. Urban environments
ALL OF THE ABOVE
what are ways that human activity impacts the water supply?
A Creating sewage
B Spreading chemicals
C Increasing radioactivity
D All of the above
what is not a negative outcome of shoreline dredging?
- Damaged coral reefs
- Death of marine life
- Ruined sea grass beds
- Reduction of human population
Reduction of human population
what are the two primary methods of waste disposal?
Landfill and incineration
Where does a large percentage of e-waste wind up?
Recycled in peripheral nations
what types of municipal projects often result in environmental racism?
Toxic dumps or other objectionable projects