Nucleic Acids and ATP

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created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
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1

nucleic acids

carry genetic information

2

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid
instructions for making a cell's structure

3

RNA

Ribonucleic acid
copy's nucleic acid

4

three parts of a nucleotide

5 C, phosphate group, and N base

5

ATP

high energy molecule made from nucleic acids with two extra phosphate groups

6

deoxyribose

sugar in DNA

7

ribose

sugar in RNA

8

How many strands in DNA?

2

9

How many strands in RNA?

1

10

In DNA Adenine pairs with what?

thymine using 2 hydrogen bonds

11

In DNA Guanine pairs with what?

cytosine using 3 hydrogen bonds

12

What are purines?

Adenine and Guanine because they have 2 rings.

13

ATP is not a nucleic acid but is related because...

it is a modified nucleotide (deoxyribose-sugar, nitrogen base and 3 phosphate groups

14

What happens when the 3rd phosphate group is removed from ATP?

energy is released

15

What is a double helix?

Overall structure of DNA

16

Gene

a molecule passed from parent to offspring

17

What do nucleic acids and proteins have in common?

They are large polymers

18

What is the most important function of nucleic acids?

storing information related to heredity and protein synthesis

19

When does ATP release energy?

When a phosphate group is removed from it.