Acids and Bases

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created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
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1

litmus paper

A base turns this blue

2

Bitter taste

A property of a base

3

Magnesium hydroxide

the base in milk of magnesia

4

calcium hydroxide

also known as lime

5

pH

measure of a solution's acidity

6

indicator

Color changes when pH range changes

7

sour taste

A property of an acid

8

hydrogen

element usually found in acids

9

hydrochloric acid

helps break down food in stomach

10

sulfuric acid

car battery acid

11

neutralization

The chemical reaction that occus between an acid and a base is called _______________________.

12

perspiration and excretion

Salts are lost from the body through _______________ and ______________________.

13

bitter

A _____________ taste would describe the taste of milk of magnesia.

14

turning litmus paper red

________________________ is NOT a property of a strong base.

15

red cabbage juice

_______________________ can be used as a pH indicator.

16

Chalk

_______________ is an example of a salt.

17

acid

An ______________ is a substance with a pH lower than 7.

18

base

A __________ is a substance with a pH higher than 7.

19

pickling

Hydrochloric acid removes rust from metals in a process called ______________.

20

sour

If you tasted acid, it would taste _______________.

21

hydrogen

An element found in all acids is _________________.

22

7

The pH of pure water is _________.

23

base

If litmus paper is pink and turns blue in a solution, the solution is a ____________.

24

orange juice

An acid that we drink is ______________.

25

throat and lungs

If a person had to clean up a hydrochloric acid spill and forgot to wear a protective BREATHING mask, he or she might burn his/her _____________ and _____________.