Module 6 Key Words

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1

Bureaucracy

an administrative group of nonelected officials charged with carrying out functions connected to a series of policies and programs.

2

Bureaucrats

the civil servants or political appointees who fill nonelected positions in government and make up the bureaucracy.

3

Civil Servants

the individuals who fill nonelected positions in government and make up the bureaucracy; also known as bureaucrats.

4

Merit System

a system of filling civil service positions by using competitive examinations to value experience and competence over political loyalties.

5

Patronage

the use of government positions to reward individuals for their political support.

6

Public Administration

the implementation of public policy as well as the academic study that prepares civil servants to work in government.

7

Spoils System

a system that rewards political loyalties or party support during elections with bureaucratic appointments after victory.

8

Pay Schedule

a chart that shows salary ranges for different levels of positions vertically and for different ranks of seniority horizontally.

9

Government Corporation

a corporation that fulfills an important public interest and is therefore overseen by government authorities to a much larger degree than private businesses.

10

Red Tape

the mechanisms, procedures, and rules that must be followed to get something done.

11

Negotiated Rulemaking

a rulemaking process in which neutral advisors convene a committee of those who have vested interests in the proposed rules and help the committee reach a consensus on them.

12

Privatization

measures that incorporate the market forces of the private sector into the function of government to varying degrees.

13

Whistleblower

a person who publicizes misdeeds committed within a bureaucracy or other organization.