common acids, and salts with definitions

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created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
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1

phosphoric acid

H3PO4

2

hydrochloric acid

HCl

3

sulfuric acid

H2SO4

4

carbonic acid

H2CO3

5

acetic acid

HC2H3O2

6

nitric acid

HNO3

7

table salt

NaCl

8

Calcium Chloride

CaCl2

9

Lime stone

CaCo3

10

chemistry

the study of matter

11

matter

anything that has mass and takes up space

12

atoms

smallest part of an element that has all the properties of an element

13

element

simplest type of a pure substance

14

molecule

structure made of two or more atoms of the chemically bonded or joined together in a definite arrangement

15

chemical bond

The force that holds two atoms together

16

chemical or molecular formula

combination of chemical symbols used to represent a compound

17

chemical change

process by which a substance becomes a new and different substance

18

chemical reaction

process by which the physical and chemical properties of the original substance change as a new substance with different physical and chemical properties is formed

19

physical property

characteristic that distinguishes one type of matter from another and can be used to identify a substance

20

mixture

a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined

21

heterogeneous mixture

a mixture in which different materials can be distinguished easily

22

homogeneous mixture

A mixture in which substances are evenly distributed throughout the mixture

23

solution

A mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another

24

solvent

the substance that does the dissolving

25

solute

the substance that is dissolved

26

colloid

A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out

27

suspension

can see the particles with the naked eye and they will settle out over time

28

ion

a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)

29

litmus paper

an indicator paper that turns red in an acid and blue in a base

30

acid

compound that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution

31

base

compound that forms hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution