Acids, Bases and Salts
HCl is a strong
OH is a strong...
less than 7
Acids form a solution with a pH...
An acid is a substance that donates ____ in an aqueous solution.
dissociate 100% in water solutions
"Strong" acids and "strong" bases....
Ka or Kb value
The degree to which a weak acid or base dissociates is determined by its...
aqueous salt and hydrogen gas
Acids react with active metals to form
salt and water
Acids react with bases to form
salt, water and carbonate
Acids react with metallic carbonates and bicarbonates to form...
Like weak acids and bases, water has a tendency to...
ionization constant for water
the pH scale is based on the...
____ hurts your body and contains carbon
H2O gives up a proton
H2O gets a proton
-log[H+] or -log[H3O+]
pH + pOH equals
the base present in some commercial drain and oven cleaners
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal
acids that contain three different elements
an effective dehydration agent
Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
produced by the stomach to aid digestion
aqueous solutions of acids and bases conduct
acids and bases must produce ____ in a solution
all pure aqueous acids are
polarity; bond energy
acid strength increases with increasing ____ and decreasing _____
_____ acids are generally weak acids
a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
an atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Lewis acid-base reaction
the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor
the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton is the ___ of that acid
the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton is the ___ of that base
proton transfer reactions favor the production of the ____ acid and the ____ base
any species that can react as either an acid or a base is described as
the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid
salt, water, and carbon dioxide
the products of the reaction of an acid with any carbonate
neutralizes the calcium carbonate
Acid rain ______ in marble structures, causing them to deteriorate
HBr is a strong