Acids, Bases and Salts

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1

HCl

hydrochloric acid

2

HBr

hydrobromic acid

3

HI

hydroiodic acid

4

H2SO4

sulfuric acid

5

HClO4

perchloric acid

6

acid

HCl is a strong

7

base

OH is a strong...

8

less than 7

Acids form a solution with a pH...

9

protons (H+)

An acid is a substance that donates ____ in an aqueous solution.

10

dissociate 100% in water solutions

"Strong" acids and "strong" bases....

11

Ka or Kb value

The degree to which a weak acid or base dissociates is determined by its...

12

aqueous salt and hydrogen gas

Acids react with active metals to form

13

salt and water

Acids react with bases to form

14

salt, water and carbonate

Acids react with metallic carbonates and bicarbonates to form...

15

ionize

Like weak acids and bases, water has a tendency to...

16

ionization constant for water

the pH scale is based on the...

17

mineral acid

____ hurts your body and contains carbon

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acid (amphoteric)

H2O gives up a proton

19

base (amphoteric)

H2O gets a proton

20

-log[H+] or -log[H3O+]

pH equals...

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-log[OH-]

pOH equals...

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14

pH + pOH equals

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NaOH

the base present in some commercial drain and oven cleaners

24

oxyacid

an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal

25

ternary acids

acids that contain three different elements

26

sulfuric acid

an effective dehydration agent

27

Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)

produced by the stomach to aid digestion

28

electric current

aqueous solutions of acids and bases conduct

29

ions

acids and bases must produce ____ in a solution

30

electrolytes

all pure aqueous acids are

31

polarity; bond energy

acid strength increases with increasing ____ and decreasing _____

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organic

_____ acids are generally weak acids

33

Bronsted-Lowry acid

a molecule or ion that is a proton donor

34

Bronsted-Lowry base

a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor

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Lewis acid

an atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond

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Lewis base

an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond

37

Lewis acid-base reaction

the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor

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conjugate base

the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton is the ___ of that acid

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conjugate acid

the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton is the ___ of that base

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weaker

proton transfer reactions favor the production of the ____ acid and the ____ base

41

amphoteric

any species that can react as either an acid or a base is described as

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neutralization

the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules

43

salt

an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid

44

salt, water, and carbon dioxide

the products of the reaction of an acid with any carbonate

45

neutralizes the calcium carbonate

Acid rain ______ in marble structures, causing them to deteriorate

46

acid

HBr is a strong