Acids and Bases

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created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
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1

Acids are

a substance which when added to water produces hydrogen ions

2

Bases are

a substance which when added to water produces hydroxide ions

3

acids react with...

zinc, magnesium, or aluminum and form hydrogen

4

acids also react with...

react with compounds containing CO32- and form carbon dioxide and water

5

Acid is color

red

6

Acids taste...

sour

7

Bases feel....

soapy or slippery

8

bases are color..

blue

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Bases taste...

bitter

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bases react with...

most cations to precipitate hydroxides

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acids pH..

pH is less than 7

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bases pH

pH is greater than 7

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strong acids..

completely dissociate in water, forming H+ and an anion

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strong bases...

they dissociate 100% into the cation and OH- (hydroxide ion).

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acids and base reactions =

Strong acid + strong base: HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O