Geol. 1403/Cook quiz 15

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GEOL
Chapter 15
Shorelines
updated 1 year ago by Devalon_N_Burk
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geology, science
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1

As a deep-water wave enters shallow water, the wave slows down and rotates toward being parallel with the shoreline. This process is known as ____.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

refraction

2

Currents within the surf zone that flow parallel to the shore are known as ____ currents.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

long shore

3

A ridge of sand that connects an island to the mainland or to another island is a ____'

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

tombolo

4

Low and narrow offshore ridges of sand that parallel the coast are called ____.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

barrier island

5

Structures called ____ are built parallel to the shoreline to protect boats from the force of large breaking waves.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

breakwater

6

A barrier built at right angles to the beach for the purpose of trapping sand that is moving parallel to the shore is called a ____.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

groin

7

The low-lying zones that are alternately covered by water during flood tide and exposed following ebb tide are called ____.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

tidal flat

8

What term denotes a sandbar built across the formr mouth of an estuary, separating it from the open sea?

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

bay mouth bar

9

The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer surface water is called ____.

bd) breakwater

ae) barrier island

ac) upwelling

bc) tidal flat

d) long shore

e) refraction

ae) tombolo

ab) bay mouth bar

a) translation

c) groin

ad) gyers

upwelling

10

Sun, moon, and earth form a right triangle in space.

a) neap tide

b) spring tides

neap tides

11

Lowest high tides and highest low tides of the month.

a) neap tides

b) spring tides

neap tides

12

highest high tides and lowest low tides of the month.

a) neap tides

b) spring tides

spring tides

13

Sun, moon, and earth lie on a straight line in space.

a) neap tides

b) spring tides

spring tides

14

A sand bar that completely crosses a bay, sealing it off from thr open ocean is a ____.

a) sea stack

b) tombolo

c) coastal barrier

d) none of these

d) none of these

15

One result of wave refraction is that wave energy is concentrated ____.

a) on headlands projecting into the water.

b) in the recessed areas betwen headlands

c) in estuaries

d) none of the above

on headlands projecting into the water

16

Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?

a) spit

b) estuary

c) tombolo

d) sea arch

sea arch

17

The presence of which one of the following would indicate that the land had been uplifted or that the sea level had fallen?

a) an estuary

b) a sea stack

c) elevated marine terrace

d) a tombolo

elevated marine terrace

18

The movement of water within the surf zone that parallels the shore is termed ____.

a) tidal current

b) salinity current

c) beach drift

d) longshore current

longshore current

19

When waves reach shallow water, they are often bent and tend to become parallel to the shore. This process is termed ____.

a) oscillation

b) refraction

c) translation

d) reflection

refraction

20

Waves begin to "feedl bottom" when the depth of water is ____.

a) equal to one-half the wave length

b) equal to the wave length

c) twice as great as the wave length

d) three times as great as the wave length

equal to one-half the wavelength

21

Which of the following is designed to prevent or retard shoreline erosion?

a) groin

b) beach nourishment

c) seawall

d) all of these

all of these

22

The height, length , and period of a wave depend upon ____.

a) the length nof time the wind as blown

b) the wind speed

c) the fetch

d) all of these

all of these

23

Large estuaries are more common on a ___ coastline.

a) submergent

b) emergent

c) stable

d) retreating

submergent

24

The daily tidal range is LEAST during ____ tide.

a) spring

b) ebb

c) neap

d) none of these

neap

25

Which of the following structures is built to protect boats from large breaking waves?

a) jetty

b) groin

c) breakwater

d) seawall

breakwater