Ch 8: The Appendicular Skeleton

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1

_____ articulates with the humerus and triquetrum through the articular disc

Ulna

2

________ articulates with the humerus and scaphoid bone.

Radius

3

1) Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton?
A) scapula
B) tibia
C) sacrum
D) coxal bones
E) metacarpals

C) sacrum

4

2) Which of the following is not a component of the appendicular skeleton?
A) scapula
B) coxal bone
C) femur
D) sternum
E) humerus

D) sternum

5

3) The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle.
A) radius
B) clavicle
C) vertebra
D) sternum
E) scapula

E) scapula

6

4) The scapula is roughly triangular in shape. Which of the following are correct terms for the borders?
A) superior, medial, and lateral borders
B) dorsal and costal borders
C) anterior and posterior borders
D) scapular and clavicular borders
E) pectoral borders

A) superior, medial, and lateral borders

7

5) The only direct connection between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton is where the
A) clavicle articulates with the humerus.
B) clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.
C) coxal bones articulate with the femur.
D) vertebral column articulates with the sacrum.
E) clavicle articulates with the xiphoid process.

B) clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.

8

6) The clavicle articulates with the
A) coracoid process and the humerus.
B) glenoid cavity and scapular spine.
C) acromial and coracoid processes.
D) manubrium and xiphoid process.
E) acromial process and the manubrium.

E) acromial process and the manubrium.

9

7) The clavicle articulates with the scapula
A) distally with the coracoid process.
B) distally with the glenoid cavity.
C) distally with the acromion.
D) distally with the manubrium.
E) proximally with the coracoid cavity.

C) distally with the acromion.

10

8) Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?
A) clavicles only
B) clavicles and scapulae
C) clavicles, scapulae, and humerus
D) clavicles, scapulae, humerus, radius, and ulna
E) clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, and carpal bones

B) clavicles and scapulae

11

9) Which of the following is located closest to the jugular notch?
A) medial end of scapula
B) medial end of clavicle
C) lateral end of scapula
D) lateral end of clavicle
E) xiphoid process

B) medial end of clavicle

12

10) Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?
A) heavy bones
B) relatively weak joints
C) tough ligaments and tendons
D) strong joint between scapula and ribs
E) flexible sternum

B) relatively weak joints

13

11) Which of these is most commonly fractured in a fall?
A) radius
B) scapula
C) clavicle
D) navicular
E) glenoid cavity

C) clavicle

14

17) Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?
A) medial epicondyle
B) lateral epicondyle
C) greater tubercle
D) olecranon fossa
E) capitulum

C) greater tubercle

15

18) The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the
A) olecranon fossa.
B) coronoid fossa.
C) radial fossa.
D) intertubercular groove.
E) radial groove.

A) olecranon fossa.

16

9) The head of the humerus articulates with the
A) trochlear notch.
B) glenoid cavity.
C) acetabulum.
D) carpal bones.
E) coxal bone.

B) glenoid cavity.

17

20) The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?
A) humerus and ulna
B) scapula and humerus
C) clavicle and scapula
D) clavicle and humerus
E) clavicle and sternum

B) scapula and humerus

18

21) In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ________ to the radius.
A) distal
B) proximal
C) medial
D) superior
E) lateral

C) medial

19

22) The condyle of the humerus consists of the
A) medial and lateral epicondyles.
B) trochlea and olecranon fossa.
C) capitulum and trochlea.
D) head and neck.
E) capitulum and coronoid process.

C) capitulum and trochlea.

20

23) Which of these surface features occur on the ulna?
A) olecranon
B) styloid process
C) trochlear notch
D) radial notch
E) All of the answers are correct.

E) All of the answers are correct.

21

24) There are ________ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ________ rows of bones in the wrist.
A) 2; 8
B) 10; 3
C) 4; 2
D) 8; 2
E) 6; 2

D) 8; 2

22

25) The bones that form the fingers are the
A) carpals.
B) tarsals.
C) metacarpals.
D) metatarsals.
E) phalanges.

C) metacarpals.

23

26) Each hand has ________ phalangeal bones.
A) 15
B) 20
C) 14
D) 18
E) 10

C) 14

24

27) The rough surface feature present along the lateral border of the shaft of the humerus is the
A) radial groove.
B) medial epicondyle.
C) lateral epicondyle.
D) deltoid tuberosity.
E) coronoid process.

D) deltoid tuberosity.

25

28) The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the
A) carpals.
B) tarsals.
C) metacarpals.
D) metatarsals.
E) phalanges.

A) carpals.

26

29) The head of the radius articulates with the
A) trochlea.
B) capitulum.
C) carpals.
D) olecranon process.
E) styloid process.

B) capitulum.

27

30) The carpus contains ________ bones.
A) 4
B) 5
C) 6
D) 7
E) 8

E) 8

28

31) The hand has ________ wrist and ________ palm bones.
A) 5; 5
B) 10; 5
C) 8; 4
D) 8; 5
E) 4; 5

D) 8; 5

29

32) Which of the following is not an upper limb bone?
A) ulna
B) radius
C) humerus
D) metatarsals
E) carpals

D) metatarsals

30

33) The ________ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.
A) olecranon process
B) coronoid process
C) styloid process
D) radial tuberosity
E) capitulum

C) styloid process

31

34) The bones that form the palm are the
A) carpals.
B) tarsals.
C) metacarpals.
D) metatarsals.
E) phalanges.

C) metacarpals.

32

35) Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone. What part of her body was injured?
A) foot
B) forearm
C) wrist
D) hand
E) ankle

C) wrist

33

41) Which of the following is not a part of the pelvis?
A) sacrum
B) coccyx
C) coxal bone
D) lumbar vertebrae
E) pubic symphysis

D) lumbar vertebrae

34

42) What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?
A) sacrum
B) femur
C) humerus
D) tibia
E) fibula

B) femur

35

43) When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the
A) ischial tuberosities.
B) posterior inferior iliac spines.
C) iliac crests.
D) obturator foramina.
E) inferior rami of the pubis.

A) ischial tuberosities.

36

44) The pubic and ischial rami encircle the
A) pubic symphysis.
B) lesser sciatic notch.
C) greater sciatic notch.
D) obturator foramen.
E) acetabulum.

D) obturator foramen.

37

45) The largest component of the coxal bone is the
A) pubis.
B) ischium.
C) ilium.
D) femur.
E) tibia.

C) ilium.

38

46) A male has a ________ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet.
A) larger
B) longer
C) smaller
D) wider
E) deeper

C) smaller

39

47) Each coxal bone consists of the following three fused bones:
A) ulna, radius, and humerus
B) ilium, ischium, and pubis
C) femur, tibia, and fibula
D) hamate, capitate, and trapezium
E) femur, patella, and tibia

B) ilium, ischium, and pubis

40

48) The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is the
A) anterior iliac spine.
B) acetabulum.
C) posterior superior iliac spine.
D) iliac crest.
E) iliac notch.

D) iliac crest.

41

49) The sacrum articulates with the
A) ilium.
B) ischium.
C) pubis.
D) ilium and ischium.
E) ischium and pubis.

A) ilium.

42

50) The ilium, ischium, and pubis fuse into a single bone called the
A) patella.
B) pelvis.
C) pectoral girdle.
D) coccyx.
E) coxal bone.

E) coxal bone.

43

51) The coxal bone and sacrum combine to form the
A) pelvis.
B) pelvic girdle.
C) hips.
D) pectoral girdle.
E) pubic symphysis.

A) pelvis.

44

52) Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscles?
A) iliac spines
B) greater sciatic notch
C) gluteal lines
D) lesser sciatic notch
E) pubic symphysis

C) gluteal lines

45

53) The greater sciatic notch is a feature on the
A) ilium.
B) ischium.
C) pubis.
D) femur.
E) patella.

A) ilium.

46

54) The pelvic organs are mostly found within the
A) ishial spine.
B) iliac fossa.
C) ishial fossa.
D) obturator foramen.
E) pubic symphysis.

B) iliac fossa.

47

56) Which of the following is the heel bone?
A) talus
B) navicular
C) calcaneus
D) cuboid
E) patella

C) calcaneus

48

57) The distal end of the tibia articulates with the
A) talus.
B) fibula.
C) patella.
D) calcaneus.
E) coxal bone.

A) talus.

49

58) The longest bone is the
A) coxal bone.
B) sternum.
C) humerus.
D) femur.
E) tibia.

D) femur.

50

59) The foot has ________ ankle bones and ________ bones in the sole.
A) 5; 5
B) 7; 5
C) 8; 4
D) 8; 5
E) 4; 5

B) 7; 5

51

60) The part of the tibia that is easily felt through the skin is and is known as the shin is the
A) medial malleolus.
B) anterior crest.
C) tibial tuberosity.
D) articular facet.
E) anterior margin.

E) anterior margin.

52

61) The patella slides in a groove on the femur called the
A) medial and lateral condyles.
B) interpatellar groove.
C) patellar surface.
D) femoral head.
E) patellar canal.

C) patellar surface.

53

62) The linea aspera is located on the
A) humerus.
B) tibia.
C) ischium.
D) femur.
E) scapula.

D) femur.

54

63) The lateral malleolus is found on the
A) femur.
B) tibia.
C) fibula.
D) patella.
E) calcaneus.

C) fibula.

55

64) The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?
A) cuboid bone
B) calcaneus
C) talus
D) lesser trochanter
E) patella.

B) calcaneus

56

65) The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ________ by the interosseous membrane.
A) femur
B) tibia
C) patella
D) navicular
E) femur and the tibia

B) tibia

57

67) The tarsus contains ________ bones.
A) 4
B) 5
C) 6
D) 7
E) 8

D) 7

58

68) The weight of the body is supported by the
A) distal metacarpals.
B) proximal metatarsals.
C) distal ends of the metatarsals.
D) calcaneus.
E) distal metacarpals and the calcaneus.

E) distal metacarpals and the calcaneus.

59

69) Which of the following is not a lower limb bone?
A) fibula
B) ulna
C) metatarsal
D) patella
E) femur

B) ulna

60

72) The talus contacts the
A) calcaneus.
B) navicular bone.
C) tibia.
D) calcaneus and navicular bones.
E) tibia, calcaneus, and navicular bones.

...

61

73) Compared to the hand, the foot
A) has more phalanges.
B) has fewer metatarsals than the hand has metacarpals.
C) has more tarsal bones than the hand has carpal bones.
D) contains arches that help distribute body weight.
E) has the same number of tarsal bones as the hand has carpal bones.

D) contains arches that help distribute body weight.

62

74) When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the
A) distal ends of the metatarsals and calcaneus.
B) talus and proximal metatarsals.
C) calcaneus and talus.
D) talus and cuneiforms.
E) calcaneus and proximal metatarsals.

A) distal ends of the metatarsals and calcaneus.

63

75) The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot. A problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?
A) a loose Achilles tendon
B) weak tarsometatarsal joints
C) weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals
D) weakness in the ligaments that attach the talus to the tibia
E) poor alignment of the phalanges with the metatarsals

C) weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals

64

87) Which of the following is not a characteristic of the male pelvis?
A) heavy, rough textured bone
B) heart-shaped pelvic inlet
C) angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees
D) relatively deep iliac fossa
E) ilia extend far above sacrum

C) angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees

65

88) The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the
A) skull.
B) pelvis.
C) sacrum.
D) teeth.
E) thoracic cage.

B) pelvis.

66

91) Which of the following is not an age-related change in the skeleton?
A) closure of the fontanels
B) bone remodeling
C) reduction in mineral content
D) appearance of major vertebral curves
E) fusion of the coxal bones

B) bone remodeling

67

Lateral angle supports the glenoid cavity and articulates with humerus to form shoulder joint called __________________________.

glenohumeral joint

68

The ___________________ on the humerus marks extent of joint capsule.

anatomical neck

69

The ___________________ on the humerus corresponds to metaphysis of growing bone.

Surgical neck

70

The __________________ on the shaft of humerus is a large, rough elevation on lateral surface that attaches deltoid muscle.

deltoid tuberosity

71

The _______________ on the shaft of the humerus on the posterior surface is for the radial nerve.

radial groove

72

The greater and lesser tubercle on the humerus is separated by the ___________________.

intertubercular sulcus

73

Intertubercular sulcus or __________________.

bicipital groove

74

The Medial and lateral epicondyles are distal expansions on the humerus for ______________________.

muscle attachment

75

Trochlea and capitulum make up the _____________ of the humerus.

condyle

76

_____________ of the humerus articulates with ulna and radius

Condyle

77

_______________________ is a fibrous sheet that connects the lateral margin of ulna to radius.

Interosseous membrane

78

The _________ process of the mandible articulates with the temporal bone.

condylar

79

A perpendicular plate is a feature of the _____ and _____ bones.

palatine, ethmoid