Chapter 4 Nature Nurture - Rehease it!

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created 7 years ago by Annabelle
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1

The threadlike structures made largely of DNA molecules are called

A)Gene complexes
B)Nuclei
C)Chromosomes
D)Cells

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2

When the mother’s egg and the father’s sperm unite, each contributes

A)One chromosome pair
B)23 chromosomes
C)23 chromosome pairs
D)30,000 chromosomes

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3

Fraternal twins result when

A)A single egg is fertilized by a single sperm and then splits
B)A single egg is fertilized by two sperm and then splits
C)Two eggs are fertilized by two sperm
D)Two eggs are fertilized by a single sperm

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4

Adoption studies seek to understand genetic influences on personality. They do this mainly by

A)Comparing adopted children with non-adopted children
B)Evaluating whether adopted children’s personalities more closely resemble those of their adopted parents of their biological parents
C)Studying the effects of prior neglect on adopted children
D)Studying the effects of children’s age at adoption

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5

Personality tends to be stable over time. For example

A)Temperament is a product of learning and can therefore be unlearned
B)Temperament seems to be biologically based and tends to remain stable throughout life
C)Temperament changes significantly in adolescence
D)Fraternal twins tend tp have the more similar temperaments than do identical twins

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6

Evolutionary psychologists are most likely to focus on

A)How we differ from one another
B)The links between social expectations and behavior
C)Natural selection of the fittest adaptions
D)Random assignment of genes over several generations

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7

Normal levels of stimulation are important during infancy and early childhood because during these years

A)A rich environment can override a child’s genetic limits
B)Experience stimulates the growth of billions of new brain cells
C)Experience activates and preserves neural connections that might otherwise die from disuse
D)Experience triggers the rapid development and production of human growth hormone

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8

Children and youth are particularly responsive to influences of their

A)Peers
B)Fathers
C)Teachers and caretakers
D)Mothers

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9

9. Personal space, the portable buffer zone people like to maintain around their bodies, differences form culture to culture. These differences are examples of

A)Genetic variations
B)Individual influence
C)Cultural norms
D)Collective influence

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10

Individualist cultures tend to value _____; collectivist cultures tend to value _____.

A)Interdependence; independence
B)Independence; Interdependence
C)Group solidity; uniqueness
D)Duty of family; personal fulfillment

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11

Human developmental processes tend to _____ from one group to antoerh because we are members of _____.

A)Be the same; the same ethnic group
B)Be the same; the same species
C)Differ; different species
D)Differ; different ethnic group

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12

A fertilized egg will develop into a boy if it receives

a)An X chromosome from its mother
b)An X chromosome from its father
c)A Y chromosome from its mother
d)A Y chromosome from its father

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13

“Gender role” refer to our

A)Sense of being male or female
B)Expectations about the way males and females should behave
C)Biological sex
D)Hormonally influences differences in brain development

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14

As a consequence of the gender assigned to us by society, we develop a gender identity, which means that we

A)Exhibit traditional masculine of feminine roles
B)Are socially categorized as male of females
C)Have a sense of being male of female
D)Have an ambiguous biological sex

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