Ch 9: Joints
Synarthrosis is a _________________ joint.
Amphiarthrosis is a _______________ joint.
Diarthrosis is a _______________ joint.
Suture, Gomphosis, Synchondrosis, and Synostosis are four types of ________________ joints.
A ___________ is found only between bones of skull. The edges of bones interlock and are bound by dense fibrous connective tissue.
________________ is a fibrous connection (periodontal ligament) that binds teeth to bony sockets.
____________ is a rigid cartilaginous bridge between two
found between vertebrosternal ribs and sternum.
Also, epiphyseal cartilage of growing long bones
______________ is created when two bones fuse.
Example: metopic suture of frontal bone and epiphyseal lines of mature long bones
What is a type of amphiarthroses joint that is bones connected by a ligament?
What is a type of amphiarthroses joint that is bones connected by fibrocartilage?
Which type of joint is freely movable?
___________________ has the consistency of egg yolk, contains
proteoglycans and the primary functions include:
___________ is the fibrocartilage pad between opposing bones the medial is most damaged.
Which joint results from the fusion of two bones?
The annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus are structures that are associated with __________.
The metacarpal and metatarsal bones articulate with the fingers and the toes, respectively. This creates what type of synovial joint?
Hinge is a _______________.
Ball-and-socket is a _____________.
ellipsoidal is a __________________.
Gliding is a _____________________.
_______________ is pad of fibrocartilage that may channel the flow of synovial fluid
_______________ protects articular cartilage and acts as packing material for the joint
_________________ interconnects articulating bones and passes outside capsule
_____________________ support the wall of the joint from inside the capsule
_________________ although not part of the articulation, pass around the capsule and limit the range of motion
____________ reduce friction and act as shock absorbers
____________ is when bones are separated by a pad of fibrocartilage
_______________ forms when a joint becomes completely converted to bone
____________ is when bones are joined by a rigid bridge of cartilage
_____________ joins humerus to scapula
________________ joins clavicle to scapula
_____________ joins radius to carpal to radius and ulna
Intervertebral articulations are __________.
gliding joints that permit small movements
____________________ joints are found only between thoracic vertebrae and ribs and allow slight elevation and depression of the ribs.
The ___________________ between the sacrum and coxae are gliding diarthroses that permit only slight movement.
The _________________ joint is an ellipsoidal diarthrosis that allows flexion and extension.