Chapter 13 Psychological Disorders Rehearse It!

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1

Although some psychological disorders are culture-bound, others are universal. For example, in every known culture some people have

A)Bulimia Nervosa
B)Anorexia Nervosa
C)Schizophenia
D)Susto

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2

If a lawyer washes his hands 100 times a day for no apparent reason and has no time left to meet with his clients, the hand washing will probably be labeled disorder because it is, among other things

A)Distressing and dysfunctional
B)Not explained by the medical model
C)Harmful to others
D)Untreatable

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3

A therapist says that psychological disorders are sicknesses and people with these disorders should be treated as patients in a hospital. This therapist believes in the

A)Social-cultural perspective
B)Psychological model
C)Medical model
D)Diagnostic model

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4

Many psychologists reject the “disorders-as-illness” view and contend that other factor may also be involved – for example, the person’s bad habits and poor social skills. This view represents the _____ approach.

A)Medical
B)Positive psychology
C)Biopsychosocial
D)Diagnostic labels

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5

One study found that psychologists using the DSM-IV agreed on diagnosis for more than 80 percent of patients. The DSM-IV’s reliability stems in part from its reliance on

A)Structured interview procedures
B)In-depth histories of the patients
C)Input from patient’s family and friends
D)The theories of Pinel, Freud, and others

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6

An episode of intense dread, accompanied by trembling, dizziness, chest pains, or choking sensations and by feelings of terror, is called

A)A specific phobia
B)Compulsion
C)A panic attack
D)An obsessive fear

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7

Anxiety that takes the form of an irrational and maldaptive fear of a specific object or situation is called

A)A phobia
B)A panic attack
C)Generalized anxiety
D)An obsessive-compulsive disorder

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8

Marina consumed with the need to clean the entire house and refused to participate in any other activities. A therapist Marina consulted diagnosed her as having

A)obsessive-compulsive disorder
B)generalized anxiety disorder
C)a phobia
D)a panic attack

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9

Rats subjected to unpredictable shocks in the laboratory become chronically anxious. To the learning researcher this suggests that anxiety is a response to

A)A phobia
B)Biological factors
C)A genetic predisposition
D)Fear conditioning

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10

The learning perspective proposes that phobias are

A)The result of individual genetic makeup
B)A way of repressing unacceptable impulses
C)Conditional factors
D)A symptom of having been abused as a child

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11

One relatively common disorder is
A)Conversion disorder
B)Hypochondriasis
C)Dissociative identity disorder
D)Multiple personality disorder

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12

Dissociative identity disorder is relatively rare. This disorder is controversial because

A)Criminals have used it as a defense
B)It was reported frequently in the 1920s but rarly today
C)It is almost never reported outside North America
D)Its symptoms are nearly identical to those of obsessive-compulsive disorder

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13

The disorder that is so common it has been called the “common cold” of psychological disorders is
A)Mania
B)Depression
C)Bipolar disorder
D)Suicide

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14

Although bipolar disorder is as maladaptive as depression, it is much less common and it affects

A)More women than men
B)More men than women
C)Women and men equally
D)Primarily scientists and doctors

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15

Depression affects many people, often following a stressful event, such as divorce or job change. The rate of depression is

A)Increasing among young people
B)Decreasing among young people
C)Increasing among elderly women
D)Decreasing among elderly women

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16

Depression can often be alleviated by drugs that increase supplies of the neurotransmitters

A)Acetylcholine
B)Glycine and GABA
C)Endorphin and glutamate
D)Norepinephrine

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17

Psychologists who emphasize the importance of negative perceptions, beliefs , and thoughts in depression are working within the _____

A)Psychoanalytic
B)Biological
C)Behavioral
D)Social-cognitive

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18

People with schizophrenia may hear voices urging self-destruction. Hearing voices in the absence of any auditory stimululation is an example of a(n)

A)Flat emotion
B)Inappropriate emotion
C)Word salad
D)hallucination

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19

Schizophrenia is actually a cluster of disorders characterized by positive or negative symptoms. A person with positive symptoms is most likely to experience

A)Catatonia
B)Delusions
C)Withdrawal
D)Flat emotions

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20

Chances from recovery from schizophrenia are best when

A)Onset is sudden, in response to stress
B)Deterioration occurs gradually, during childhood
C)No environmental causes can be identified
D)There is a detectable brain abnormality

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21

personality disorder, such as antisocial personality, is characterized by

A)Depression
B)Hallucinations
C)Enduring and inflexible behavior patterns that impair social functioning
D)An elevated level of autonomic nervous system arousal

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22

Pet scans of murderers’ brains have revealed

A)Higher-than-normal activities in the frontal lobe
B)Lower-than-normal activities in the frontal lobe
C)More frontal lobe tissue than normal
D)No differences in brain structures or activity.

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