CBC w/ Diff

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created 7 months ago by chipotleoak
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updated 2 months ago by chipotleoak
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1

RBC- Red blood cell count

MALE: 4.32-5.72 trillion cells/L

FEMALE: 3.90-5.03 trillion cells/L

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RBC- Red blood cell count

High RBC (erythrocytosis)- polycythemia Vera, heart disease

Low- anemia

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HGB- Hemoglobin

MALE: 13.5-17.5 grams/dL

FEMALE: 12.0-15.5 grams/dL

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HGB- Hemoglobin

HGB- O2 carrying a protein on RBC

Low- anemia

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HCT- Hematocrit

MALE: 40 - 50 %
FEMALE: 35 - 45 %

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HCT- Hematocrit

Proportion of RBCs to fluid in blood

Low- anemia

High- dehydration. Lung cancer.

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WBC- White blood cell count

3.5-10.5 billion cells/L

(3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL)

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WBC- White blood cell count

WBC fight infection

High WBC- infection or inflammation; immune system or bone marrow issues

Low WBC (leukopenia)- autoimmune disorder, bone marrow problems, cancer.

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RDW-CV

RDW-SD

11.5-14.5%

39-46 fl.

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RDW-CV

RDW-SD

(express in %) is calculated from standard deviation and MCV

measurement of the width of the RBC size distribution histogram

Used along with other RBC indices, especially mean corpuscular volume (MCV) to help determine the causes of anemia.

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Neutrophils

50-70%; 2500-7000 uL (mm3)

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Neutrophils

phagocytic

High: likely bacterial infection; increase with acute inflammation ex. MI, burns

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Lymphocytes

25-35%; 1700-3500 uL (mm3)

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Lymphocytes

recognize antigens, produce antibodies, destroy cells

High: bacterial, viral infection, cancer, chronic inflammation

Low: Viral infection like HIV; undernutrition

15

Monocytes

4-6%; 40-100 uL (mm3)

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Monocytes

phagocytic

High: Chronic inflammation, parasitic, or viral infection.

Low: bloodstream infection, chemo, bone marrow disorder

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Eosinophils

1-3%; 100-300 uL (mm3)

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Eosinophils

Mediator of allergic response w/ mast cells

High: Allergic reaction, parasitic infection, cancer

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Basophils

0.4-1.0%; 40-100 uL (mm3)

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Basophils

Contain: heparin and histamine(vasodilator)- increasing blood flow to found allergens or damaged tissues.

High: Inflammatory response, asthma, parasite infection, leukemia

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Immature granulocytes

0.2-0.5%

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Immature granulocytes

High: response to infections, autoimmune diseases, and blood cell cancers

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Platelet

150,000-450,000 /mcL [150-450 billion/L]

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Platelet

Clotting component

High (thrombocytosis) Low (thrombocytopenia)