Chapter 2- Group Work: The Group Leader

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created 3 years ago by Katie_Koo
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Chapter 2
updated 3 years ago by Katie_Koo
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Common issues beginner group leaders face

  • what techniques to use
  • afraid of making mistakes; fear of now knowing how to address those mistakes
  • uncertainty about how to start or end a group
  • anxiety surrounding then entire group and leadership process

Characteristics and functions of effective group leaders

  • courage
  • willingness to model
  • goodwill, genuineness, caring
  • belief in the group process
  • non-defensiveness in coping with criticism
  • become aware of subtle cultural issues

Major skills requires for effective group leaders

  • active listening
  • empathizing
  • self care
  • stamina
  • confronting
  • drawing out
  • blocking
  • modeling
  • suggestion
  • terminating

The basics of working with a coleader

  • confer before/after to learn more about each other and the group dynamics
  • less anxiety provoking with a coleader
  • balancing act between the two leaders; need to choose your co-leader carefully
  • mutual respect is necessary

Advantages of coleadership

  • reduces the chance of burnout
  • split duties--> can be helpful when part of the group is experiencing high emotion while the other half is not
  • coleader peer supervision as improving practice
  • the other leader can take charge of the group when one is experiencing countertransference
  • differences in power/ privilege based on culture/ ethnicity/ religion, etc

Group research from the international perspective

  • recognizable factors that create and lead to positive outcomes in groups (skilled leaders, appropriately referred members, defined goals, etc)
  • group therapy as effective as individual therapy
  • research on group therapy is pretty scarce, though
  • cognitive behavior and psychodynamic approaches are the most used worldwide

Why is it important to have a theoretical orientation in group work?

  • critical to guiding our work as group practitioners
  • helps practitioners decide ways to make effective interventions in a group

Common factors in group work

  • supported by research
  • common factors across theoretical frameworks
  • empathetic listening, support, warmth, developing a working alliance, opportunity for catharsis, practicing new behaviors, feedback
  • specific treatment techniques make relatively little difference in outcome when compared with the value of common factors
  • therapeutic relationships are MAD important dude

How can research enhance the group process?

  • practice-based evidence
  • collecting data directly from members about their group experience
  • can help therapists provide a tool to aid evaluation of the group experience at the termination phase
  • using techniques we know work
  • can help to shape future group

Explain the challenge of combining research and practice

  • always a challenge combining research and practice
  • lack of collaboration between researchers and practitioners (researchers don't understand the value of clinical experience; practitioners don't see value in research to clinical practice)