Ch4: Tissues

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1

__________________ covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and forms glands.

Epithelial Tissue

2

___________________ fills internal spaces, supports other tissues, transports materials, and stores energy.

Connective Tissue

3

________________ specialized for contraction.
Skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and walls of hollow organs

Muscle Tissue

4

_______________ carries electrical signals from one part of the body to another.

Neural Tissue

5

Functions of __________________ are to provide physical Protection; Control Permeability; Provide Sensation; Produce Specialized Secretions (glandular 
 epithelium)

epithelial tissue

6

Squamous epithelia are _____________________.

thin and flat

7

Cuboidal epithelia are _________________.

square shaped

8

Columnar epithelia are _____________________.

tall, slender rectangles

9

____________ is a type of Squamous Epithelia that lines the body cavities.

Mesothelium

10

Mesothelium is to the body cavities as endothelium is to the ____________________.

heart and blood vessels

11

________________ lines heart and blood vessels

Endothelium

12

Reduces friction; controls vessel permeability; performs
absorption and secretion are functions of the ________________________.

Simple Squamous Epithelium

13

Keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium are located in ____________________.

Skin, hair, nails

14

Non-keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium is located ________________________.

lining of mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum,
anus, and vagina

15

Provides physical protection against abrasion, pathogens,
and chemical attack are functions of the ___________________________.

Stratified Squamous Epithelium

16

Limited protection, Secretion and absorption are functions of _____________________ which are located in Glands; ducts;
 portions of kidney tubules; thyroid 
gland

Simple cuboidal epithelium

17

Protection, secretion,
absorption are functions of the _______________________ which are located in sweat ducts and mammary ducts.

Stratified cuboidal epithelia

18

Portion of the kidney tubules has ________________________.

simple cuboidal epithelium

19

Lining of the stomach has ______________________.

simple columnar epithelium

20

The _______________ has stratified squamous epithelium.

esophagus

21

The _________________ has transitional epithelium.

urinary bladder

22

The lining the trachea has _________________________.

pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

23

___________________ has simple squamous epithelium.

alveoli of lungs

24

____________________ tolerates repeated cycles of stretching and recoiling and returns to its previous shape without damage.

Transitional Epithelium

25

Absorption and secretion are functions of _____________________ which are located lining of
stomach, intestine, gallbladder,
uterine tubes, and collecting
ducts of kidneys. Has Microvilli

Simple columnar epithelium

26

Cilia movement are functions of _______________________ which are located in the lining of
 nasal cavity, trachea, and
 bronchi; portions of male 
reproductive tract

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

27

Protection is the function of ________________ which is located in small areas of 
the pharynx, epiglottis, anus, 
mammary glands, salivary 
gland ducts, and urethra.

Stratified columnar epithelium

28

_________________ release hormones into interstitial fluid and have No ducts.

Endocrine glands

29

_______________ produce secretions onto epithelial surfaces
through ducts.

Exocrine glands

30

Modes of glandular secretion are ___________________________________.

Merocrine secretion
Apocrine secretion
Holocrine secretion

31

_______________ is produced in Golgi apparatus and
released by vesicles (exocytosis).
For example, sweat glands and salivary glands

Merocrine Secretion

32

___________________ is produced in Golgi apparatus and released by shedding cytoplasm.
For example, mammary glands

Apocrine Secretion

33

___________________ is released by cells bursting, killing gland cells and gland cells are replaced by stem cells.
For example, sebaceous (oil) glands

Holocrine Secretion

34

Merocrine sweat glands are an example of __________________.

SIMPLE COILED TUBULAR

35

_________________ between two plasma membranes, adhesion belt attaches to terminal web and prevents passage of water and solutes. Isolates wastes in the lumen. Also in urinary bladder, stomach, and brain

Tight Junctions

36

____________ allow rapid communication, are held together by channel proteins (junctional proteins, connexons), allow ions to pass and coordinate contractions in heart muscle

Gap Junctions

37

________________ permit the free diffusion of ions and small molecules between two cells

Gap Junctions

38

A spot ________________ ties 
adjacent cells together.

desmosome

39

________________ CAMs, dense areas, and intercellular cement;
Spot desmosomes tie cells together and allow bending and twisting

Desmosomes

40

______________ attach cells to the basement membrane

Hemidesmosomes

41

Which type of epithelium is found where mechanical and chemical stresses are common?

stratified squamous

42

Fills internal spaces, Supports other tissues, Transports materials, Stores energy are functions of ____________________.

Connective Tissue

43

__________________ connects and protects

Connective tissue proper

44

__________________________ transports

Fluid connective tissues

45

___________________________ have structural strength

Supporting connective tissues

46

What are the two categories of Connective Tissue Proper?

Loose and Dense

47

________________________ offer more ground substance, fewer fibers

Loose connective tissue

48

Fat (adipose tissue) is an example of _____________ connective tissue

loose

49

___________________ have more fibers, less ground substance

Dense connective tissue

50

Tendons are example of ______________ connective tissue

dense

51

________________ are the most abundant cell type

Fibroblasts

52

_________________ are found in all connective tissue proper

Fibroblasts

53

__________________ secrete proteins and hyaluronan (cellular cement)

Fibroblasts

54

____________ are the second most abundant cell type
Found in all connective tissue proper

Fibrocytes

55

________________ maintain the fibers of connective tissue proper

Fibrocytes

56

________________ are Fat cells

Adipocytes

57

______________________ are stem cells that respond to injury or infection and differentiate into fibroblasts, macrophages, etc.

Mesenchymal Cells

58

___________________ are large, amoeba-like cells of the immune system- Eat pathogens and damaged cells

Macrophages

59

________________ stimulate inflammation after injury or infection;
Release histamine and heparin

Mast Cells

60

_______________ are leukocytes (white blood cells) that also contain histamine and heparin

Basophils

61

____________________ specialized immune cells in lymphatic (lymphoid) system

Lymphocytes

62

______________________ are phagocytic blood cells that respond to signals from macrophages and mast cells

Microphages

63

Neutrophils and eosinophils are examples of __________________.

Microphages

64

________________ synthesize and store the brown pigment (melanin)

Melanocytes

65

Collagen fibers, Reticular fibers, Elastic fibers are _____________________.

Connective Tissue Fibers

66

_____________________:
Most common fibers in connective tissue proper
Long, straight, and unbranched
Strong and flexible
Resist force in one direction
For example, tendons and ligaments

Collagen Fibers

67

______________________:

    • Network of interwoven fibers (stroma)
    • Strong and flexible
    • Resist force in many directions
    • Stabilize functional cells (parenchyma) and structures
    • For example, sheaths around organs

Reticular Fibers

68

_________________:

    • Contain elastin
    • Branched and wavy
    • Return to original length after stretching
    • For example, elastic ligaments of vertebrae

Elastic Fibers

69

_______________________ is clear, colorless, and viscous that fills spaces between cells and slows pathogen movement

Ground Substance

70

_____________ connect one bone to another bone

Ligaments

71

Tendons are cords of dense regular connective tissue that __________.

attach skeletal muscles to bones

72

What are the three major subdivisions of the extracellular fluid in the body?

plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph

73

___________________ always have a free surface exposed to the environment or to some internal chamber or passageway.

Epithelial tissues

74

_____________________ line cavities that communicate with the exterior.

Mucous membranes

75

cutaneous membrane is __________.

thick, relatively waterproof, and usually dry

76

What are two factors that distinguish synovial epithelium from other types of epithelia?

There is no basal lamina, and small spaces exist between adjacent cells.

77

Which of the following is a layer of areolar tissue and fat that separates the skin from the underlying tissues and organs and is also known as the hypodermis?

superficial fascia