__________________ covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and forms glands.
___________________ fills internal spaces, supports other tissues, transports materials, and stores energy.
________________ specialized for contraction.
Skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and walls of hollow organs
_______________ carries electrical signals from one part of the body to another.
Functions of __________________ are to provide physical Protection; Control Permeability; Provide Sensation; Produce Specialized Secretions (glandular epithelium)
Squamous epithelia are _____________________.
thin and flat
Cuboidal epithelia are _________________.
Columnar epithelia are _____________________.
tall, slender rectangles
____________ is a type of Squamous Epithelia that lines the body cavities.
Mesothelium is to the body cavities as endothelium is to the ____________________.
heart and blood vessels
________________ lines heart and blood vessels
Reduces friction; controls vessel permeability; performs absorption and secretion are functions of the ________________________.
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium are located in ____________________.
Skin, hair, nails
Non-keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium is located ________________________.
lining of mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum,
anus, and vagina
Provides physical protection against abrasion, pathogens,
and chemical attack are functions of the ___________________________.
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Limited protection, Secretion and absorption are functions of _____________________ which are located in Glands; ducts; portions of kidney tubules; thyroid gland
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Protection, secretion, absorption are functions of the _______________________ which are located in sweat ducts and mammary ducts.
Stratified cuboidal epithelia
Portion of the kidney tubules has ________________________.
simple cuboidal epithelium
Lining of the stomach has ______________________.
simple columnar epithelium
The _______________ has stratified squamous epithelium.
The _________________ has transitional epithelium.
The lining the trachea has _________________________.
pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
___________________ has simple squamous epithelium.
alveoli of lungs
____________________ tolerates repeated cycles of stretching and recoiling and returns to its previous shape without damage.
Absorption and secretion are functions of _____________________ which are located lining of stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterine tubes, and collecting ducts of kidneys. Has Microvilli
Simple columnar epithelium
Cilia movement are functions of _______________________ which are located in the lining of nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi; portions of male reproductive tract
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Protection is the function of ________________ which is located in small areas of the pharynx, epiglottis, anus, mammary glands, salivary gland ducts, and urethra.
Stratified columnar epithelium
_________________ release hormones into interstitial fluid and have No ducts.
_______________ produce secretions onto epithelial
Modes of glandular secretion are ___________________________________.
_______________ is produced in Golgi apparatus and
released by vesicles (exocytosis).
For example, sweat glands and salivary glands
___________________ is produced in Golgi apparatus and released by
For example, mammary glands
___________________ is released by cells bursting, killing gland
cells and gland cells are replaced by stem cells.
For example, sebaceous (oil) glands
Merocrine sweat glands are an example of __________________.
SIMPLE COILED TUBULAR
_________________ between two plasma membranes, adhesion belt attaches to terminal web and prevents passage of water and solutes. Isolates wastes in the lumen. Also in urinary bladder, stomach, and brain
____________ allow rapid communication, are held together by channel proteins (junctional proteins, connexons), allow ions to pass and coordinate contractions in heart muscle
________________ permit the free diffusion of ions and small molecules between two cells
A spot ________________ ties adjacent cells together.
________________ CAMs, dense areas, and intercellular cement;
Spot desmosomes tie cells together and allow bending and twisting
______________ attach cells to the basement membrane
Which type of epithelium is found where mechanical and chemical stresses are common?
Fills internal spaces, Supports other tissues, Transports materials, Stores energy are functions of ____________________.
__________________ connects and protects
Connective tissue proper
Fluid connective tissues
___________________________ have structural strength
Supporting connective tissues
What are the two categories of Connective Tissue Proper?
Loose and Dense
________________________ offer more ground substance, fewer fibers
Loose connective tissue
Fat (adipose tissue) is an example of _____________ connective tissue
___________________ have more fibers, less ground substance
Dense connective tissue
Tendons are example of ______________ connective tissue
________________ are the most abundant cell type
_________________ are found in all connective tissue proper
__________________ secrete proteins and hyaluronan (cellular cement)
____________ are the second most abundant cell type
Found in all connective tissue proper
________________ maintain the fibers of connective tissue proper
________________ are Fat cells
______________________ are stem cells that respond to injury or infection and differentiate into fibroblasts, macrophages, etc.
___________________ are large, amoeba-like cells of the immune system- Eat pathogens and damaged cells
________________ stimulate inflammation after injury or infection;
Release histamine and heparin
_______________ are leukocytes (white blood cells) that also contain histamine and heparin
____________________ specialized immune cells in lymphatic (lymphoid) system
______________________ are phagocytic blood cells that respond to signals from macrophages and mast cells
Neutrophils and eosinophils are examples of __________________.
________________ synthesize and store the brown pigment (melanin)
Collagen fibers, Reticular fibers, Elastic fibers are _____________________.
Connective Tissue Fibers
Most common fibers in connective tissue proper
Long, straight, and unbranched
Strong and flexible
Resist force in one direction
For example, tendons and ligaments
- Network of interwoven fibers (stroma)
- Strong and flexible
- Resist force in many directions
- Stabilize functional cells (parenchyma) and structures
- For example, sheaths around organs
- Contain elastin
- Branched and wavy
- Return to original length after stretching
- For example, elastic ligaments of vertebrae
_______________________ is clear, colorless, and viscous that fills spaces between cells and slows pathogen movement
_____________ connect one bone to another bone
Tendons are cords of dense regular connective tissue that __________.
attach skeletal muscles to bones
What are the three major subdivisions of the extracellular fluid in the body?
plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph
___________________ always have a free surface exposed to the environment or to some internal chamber or passageway.
_____________________ line cavities that communicate with the exterior.
cutaneous membrane is __________.
thick, relatively waterproof, and usually dry
What are two factors that distinguish synovial epithelium from other types of epithelia?
There is no basal lamina, and small spaces exist between adjacent cells.
Which of the following is a layer of areolar tissue and fat that separates the skin from the underlying tissues and organs and is also known as the hypodermis?