Chapter 5*

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Adlerian Therapy
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1

In helping clients to examine their mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, an Adlerian therapist does not use:​

a. encouragement.

b. challenge and confrontation.

c. open-ended interpretations.

d. interpretation of the transference relationship

d.

2

Which of the statements below about social interest is true?​

a. While Adler considered social interest to be innate, he also believed that it must be learned, developed, and used.

b. ​Adler believed most people to be incapable of developing social interest even though it was something to which they should aspire.

c, ​In his later years, Adler recanted his beliefs about social interest and focused on addressing unconscious dynamics as the key to mental health.

d. The concept of social interest was originally introduced by Freud, and Adler incorporated it into his theory.

a.

3

Which of these statements is not true about Alfred Adler?​

a. Along with Freud and Jung, Alfred Adler was a major contributor to the initial development of the psychodynamic approach to therapy.

b. After resigning as president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, Adler founded the Society for Individual Psychology.

c. ​Alfred Adler has been criticized by intellectuals for failing to give his brother Edmund due credit for helping him develop his theory.

d. ​Adler stresses the unity of personality, contending that people can only be understood as integrated and complete beings.

c.

4

The purpose of examining a client's family constellation is to:

a. get a picture of the individual’s early social world.

b. bring unconscious factors to the surface.

c, discover hereditary aspects of the client’s behavior.

d. determine who else in the family needs help.

a.

5

The typical second child behaves as if she was in a race and is generally under full steam at all times.​

True

6

One contribution of Adlerian therapy is that

a. practitioners are given a great deal of freedom in working with their clients.

b. it offers a well-defined theory of personality.

c. many of its concepts have been supported by research.

d. it is a common-sense psychology

a.

7

​ Adlerians view the use of techniques in counseling as:

a. geared to the phase of therapy and the needs of the client

b. more important than paying attention to the subjective experiences of the client.

c. against their basic philosophy.

d. unethical.

a.

8

All of the following are life tasks that Adler taught we must successfully master except:

a. building friendships.

b. establishing intimacy.

c. contributing to society.

d. achieving self-actualization.

d.

9

Adlerian psychology is a phenomenological, holistic, optimistic, and socially embedded theory based on basic assumptions that have been woven into various theories of counseling.

True

10

According to Adlerians, inferiority feelings:

a. are pathological

b. lead to depression.

c. keep us from achieving our life goals.

d. create motivation to achieve mastery.

d.