Splinting

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created 8 years ago by Julz
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Chapters 1-4 pages 3-74
updated 8 years ago by Julz
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College: Second year
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1

A temporary device that is part of a treatment program

Splint

2

A permanent device to replace or substitute for loss of muscle function

Orthosis

3

Why do articular splints use a three-point pressure system?

To affect a joint or joints by immobilizing, mobilizing, restricting or transmitting torque

4

What type of force does a nonarticular splint use?

A two-point pressure force to stabilize or immobilize a body segment

5

How many splint classifications divisions are there?

6

6

What are splint classification divisions 1-3?

Identification of articular or non articular
Location
Direction

7

What are splint classification divisions 4-6?

Purpose
Type
Total # of joints

8

What type of splints are most splints?

Articular

9

An example of what a nonarticular splint is used for...

Long bones (e.g., humerus, radius, ulna)

10

What do articular splints include in the name of the splint?

A name of a joint (e.g., elbow, thumb, MP, etc.)

11

Direction classifications are applicable to what type of splint?

Articular splints only

12

What is the primary kinematic function of splints?

Direction

13

What terms are used to classify splints according to direction?

Flexion
Extension
Opposition

14

An example of the purpose of joint mobilization...

Wrist/finger-MP extension ,mobilization splint

15

An example of the purpose of joint immobilization...

Elbow immobilization splint

16

An example of the purpose of joint restriction...

Elbow extension restriction splint

17

An example of the purpose of joint torque transmission...

Finger PIP extension torque transmission splint, type 1 (2)

18

What does the number in parenthesis indicate?

The total # of joints incorporated into the splint

19

What is another name for torque transmission splints?

Exercise splints

20

What is the purpose of the classification of splint type?

Specifies the secondary joints included in the joint

21

How many joints comprise the upper extremity?

10

22

What is the joint level if no secondary joints are included in the splint design?

0

23

What are the functions of splints and orthoses?

Immobilize, position and protect a joint or specific body part

24

What does ASHT stand for?

American Society for Hand Therapy

25

Do static splints have movable parts?

No

26

How do static splints help tissue?

Places tissue in a stress free position to enhance healing and minimizes friction

27

Static splint that immobilizes the fingers and wrist

Resting Hand Splint

28

Resting hand splints immobilize what?

Wrist, thumb and MCP

29

Resting hand splints are usually used for what Dx?

Rheumatoid Arthritis

30

Why is a cone splint often used?

To manage tone abnormalities

31

What are the components of a resting hand splint?

Forearm trough
Pan
Thumb trough
C bar

32

What is the purpose of the resting hand splint?

Immobile
Position in functional alignment
Retard further deformity