A temporary device that is part of a treatment program
A permanent device to replace or substitute for loss of muscle function
Why do articular splints use a three-point pressure system?
To affect a joint or joints by immobilizing, mobilizing, restricting or transmitting torque
What type of force does a nonarticular splint use?
A two-point pressure force to stabilize or immobilize a body segment
How many splint classifications divisions are there?
What are splint classification divisions 1-3?
Identification of articular or non articular
What are splint classification divisions 4-6?
Total # of joints
What type of splints are most splints?
An example of what a nonarticular splint is used for...
Long bones (e.g., humerus, radius, ulna)
What do articular splints include in the name of the splint?
A name of a joint (e.g., elbow, thumb, MP, etc.)
Direction classifications are applicable to what type of splint?
Articular splints only
What is the primary kinematic function of splints?
What terms are used to classify splints according to direction?
An example of the purpose of joint mobilization...
Wrist/finger-MP extension ,mobilization splint
An example of the purpose of joint immobilization...
Elbow immobilization splint
An example of the purpose of joint restriction...
Elbow extension restriction splint
An example of the purpose of joint torque transmission...
Finger PIP extension torque transmission splint, type 1 (2)
What does the number in parenthesis indicate?
The total # of joints incorporated into the splint
What is another name for torque transmission splints?
What is the purpose of the classification of splint type?
Specifies the secondary joints included in the joint
How many joints comprise the upper extremity?
What is the joint level if no secondary joints are included in the splint design?
What are the functions of splints and orthoses?
Immobilize, position and protect a joint or specific body part
What does ASHT stand for?
American Society for Hand Therapy
Do static splints have movable parts?
How do static splints help tissue?
Places tissue in a stress free position to enhance healing and minimizes friction
Static splint that immobilizes the fingers and wrist
Resting Hand Splint
Resting hand splints immobilize what?
Wrist, thumb and MCP
Resting hand splints are usually used for what Dx?
Why is a cone splint often used?
To manage tone abnormalities
What are the components of a resting hand splint?
What is the purpose of the resting hand splint?
Position in functional alignment
Retard further deformity