intro to pharmacology

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created 8 months ago by Akosua_Ruby
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Pharmacology
Chapter 1
updated 8 months ago by Akosua_Ruby
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1

what is pharmacology

the study of drugs that alter functions of living organisms

2

describe some reasons why drugs are given

  • to reduce pain (#1 reason)
  • prevention
  • inhibitors or to speed things up
3

what are some sources of drugs

plants, chemicals, labs, synthetic materials

4

core ethical principles are

  • respect for persons
  • beneficence
  • justice
5

the FDA drug approval process

card image
6

informed consent

  • includes the right to be informed and the right to voluntary participation
  • it is HCP responsibility to provide the educations, expectations, and answer questions with the patient
  • patient must be alert and able to comprehend
  • nurses serve as advocates
7

T/F the patient always have the right to refuse treatment, even if it is necessary and beneficial.

TRUE

8

the purpose of legistlation

to protect the public from drugs that are impure, toxic, ineffective, or not tested before public sale

9

over-the counter drugs

drugs deemed to be safe and appropriate for use without direct supervision

10

drug label should include:

  • active ingredients
  • purpose
  • use
  • specific warnings
  • dosage
  • inactive ingredients
11

the 1912 sherley amendment

inhibits fake and fraudulent labeling of a product

12

1938 federal food, drug, and cosmetic act

gave the FDA authority to oversee the safety of food, drugs, medical devices, and cosmetics.

13

1970 comprehensive drug abuse prevention and control act

schedule of controlled substances