AAP Lab 2- Mitosis Slides, Cell Division

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anaphase

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anaphase

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anaphase

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interphase

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interphase

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interphase

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metaphase

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metaphase

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prophase

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telophase

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telophase

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when somatic cells divide

mitosis

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when sex cells divide

meiosis

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longest phase of mitosis

interphase

G1, Sphase, G2

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interphase

growth, adding cytoplasm, cell is getting bigger

G1

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interphase

cell growth and DNA Synthesis (Replication)

S phase

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interphase

cell growth, final prep for replication, need to make copies of all organelles (lysosomes, golgi body, etc.)

G2

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actively dividing cell, multistep phase

I-PMAT-C

mitotic phase

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the phase when chromosomes coil and become visible to the naked eye- looks like a bowl of spaghetti

prophase

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chromosomes = two coiled ______

________ holds chromatids together

chromatids

centromere

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two chromatids = one _________

chromosome

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centrosomes = a house for two ________

centrioles

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the phase when the two centrioles break apart from the centrosome and travel to opposite poles of the cell to begin moving everything

early prophase

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the phase when the nuclear membrane around the nucleus begins to disappear, mitotic spindles begin to reach of in search of chromosomes to attach too

early prophase

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the phase where mitotic spindle fibers have attached and the nuclear membrane is completely gone but everything in the cell is 'crazy' and unorganized

late prophase

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the phase where the organization occurs and everything meets in the middle at the ________

metaphase

metaphase plate

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fastest stage of mitosis

anaphase

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the phase were chromosomes split into identical (sister chromatid) halves and are pulled apart by their centromeres from the center of the cell toward the opposite poles

anaphase

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spindle fibers are made of _________

they are built like legos and slowly break off when traveling back to opposite poles with chromatids

proteins

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the stage where the two cells begin to pinch at the center. This pinch is referred to as the ____________.

telophase

cleavage furrow

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at telophase the ___________ unfurrows back into threadlike chromatin with a nuclear envelope around each mass, ________ reappears in the nucleus, and the _______ breaks down and disappears, the centrioles go back to sleep

chromosomes

nucleoli

mitotic spindle

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cell death is called ___________. Dying cells are broken down by ___________.

apoptosis

lysosomes

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when proteins are made incorrectly __________ break them down to individual amino acids to start over

lysosomes

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_____ is the filler/ jelly of the cell- filled with nutrients, sugars, proteins, etc

cytoplasm

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DNA is in the ________

nucleus

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__________ these tiny spherical bodies are composed of RNA and protein. They are either floating free in the cell or attached to rough ER. They are actual sites of _________

ribosomes

protein synthesis

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Free ribosomes stay in the ________

Bound ribosomes ________ to rough ER help make proteins bound for export to other cell areas

cytoplasm of the cell

attach

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the organelle that acts as the "UPS man". it packages undesirables and puts them in vesicles to be sent out of the cell via __________

golgi body

exocytosis

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interphase

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early prophase

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late prophase

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prometaphase

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metaphase

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anaphase

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telophase

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cytokinesis