Drugs For Dermatologic Disorders

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created 9 years ago by jncanf
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Pharmacology
Chapter 50
Pg. 747 - 758
updated 9 years ago by jncanf
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1

TINEA PEDIS

ATHLETE'S FOOT

2

TINEA CAPITIS

RINGWORM

3

MACULES

SKIN LESION IS FLAT AND VARYING IN COLORS

4

PAPULES

SKIN LESION IS RAISED, PALPABLE, AND LESS THEN 1 cm IN DIAMETER.

5

VESICLES

SKIN LESION IS RAISED, FILLED WITH FLUID, AND LESS THEN 1 cm IN DIAMETER

6

PLAQUES

SKIN LESION IS HARD, ROUGH, RAISED, AND FLAT ON TOP.

7

ACNE VULGARIS:

MOST COMMON SKIN DISORDER, IS THE FORMATION OF PAPULES, NODULES, AND CYSTS ON FACE, NECK, SHOULDERS, AND BACK RESULTING FROM KERATIN PLUGS AT BASE OF PILOSEBACEOUS OIL GLANDS NEAR FAIR FOLLICLE. 90% OF PEOPLE WITH ACNE ARE ADOLESCENTS

8

INCREASE IN ANDROGEN IN ADOLESCENTS INCREASES PRODUCTION OF SEBUM (OIL SKIN LUBRICANT) SEBUM COMBINES WITH KERATIN TO FORM A PLUG CALLED ?

ACNE

9

ACNE VULGARIS; NON-PHARMACOLOGIC APPROACH:

SHOULD BE TRIED BEFORE OTHER TREATMENTS, PRESCRIBED OR SUGGESTED CLEANING AGENT IS NECESSARY FOR ALL TYPES OF ACNE. SKIN SHOULD BE GENTLY CLEANED SEVERAL TIMES A DAY (AVOID VIGOROUS SCRUBBING). WELL BALANCED DIET IS INDICATED, DECREASING EMOTIONAL STRESS, AND INCREASING EMOTIONAL SUPPORT ARE SUGGESTED. IF DRUG THERAPY IS NECESSARY NON-PHARMACOLOGIC MEASURES SHOULD BE MAINTAINED STILL.

10

VITAMIN A ON ACNE VULGARIS:

MEGADOSES ONCE USED FOR TREATMENT. VITAMIN A IS FAT-SOLUABLE AND RETAINED IN TISSUES ESPECIALLY THE LIVER FOR LONG PERIODS. EXCESSIVE DOSES CAN BE TOXIC, MEGADOSING IS NO LONGER A VALID THERAPY. HIGH DOSES CAN HAVE A TERATOGENIC EFFECT ON FETUS, PRODUCING BIRTH DEFECTS.

11

IF ANYONE IS ALLERGIC TO TETRACYCLINE USE?

ERYTHROMYCIN