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The Human Organism, The Chemical Basis of Life, Cell Structures and Basis of Life & Tissues
updated 3 years ago by jlee1000
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1

Directional Terms

  • Anterior/ Aunt
  • Posterior/Pat
  • Superior/ Stayed
  • Inferior/ In
  • Proximal/Panama
  • Distal/During
  • Medial/My
  • Lateral/Last
  • Superficial/ Stay
  • Deep/Dear
2

Anterior

Front of the body.

3

Posterior

Back of the body.

4

Superior

Above.

5

Inferior

Below.

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Proximal

Closer to attachment.

7

Distal

Farther from attachment.

8

Medial

Toward the middle.

9

Lateral

Away from the middle.

10

Superficial

On the surface.

11

Deep

Away from the surface

12

Characteristics of Life

  • Organization/ Oscar
  • Metabolism/ Mandy
  • Responsiveness/ Rest
  • Growth/ George
  • Development/ Do
  • Reproduction/ Reps
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Organization

Functional interrelationships between parts.

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Metabolism

Ability to acquire and use energy in support of these changes.

15

Responsiveness

Ability to sense and respond to environmental changes.

16

Growth

Can increase in size.

17

Development

Changes in cell structure.

18

Reproduction

Formation of new cells or new organisms.

19

The Six Levels of Structure & Functional Organization

  • Chemical/ Chris
  • Cellular/ Cells
  • Tissues/ To
  • Organs/ Other
  • Organ System/ Organ
  • Organism/ Opinions
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Chemical

Smallest level.

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Cellular

Cells.

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Tissues

Group of cells with similar structure and function plus extracellular substances they release.

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Organs

Two or more tissue types acting together to perform functions.

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Organ Systems

A group of organs contributing to some function.

25

Organism

All organ systems working together.