Exam #1

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1

The Main Nutrients

  • Carbohydrates/Cars
  • Lipids/Laid
  • Proteins/Preciously
  • Vitamins/Viewing
  • Minerals/Mountains
2

Sub Types Of Main Nutrients

  • Macronutrients/ Mack
  • Micronutrients/ Mike
3

Different Carbohydrates

  • Monosacharides/Mono
  • Disacharides/Di
  • Polysachrides/Poly
4

Carbohydrates

Organic Compounds consisting of carbon, oxygen, & hydrogen; Sugar compounds that plants make when they're exposed to light.

5

Photosynthesis

Plants take in carbon dioxide through their roots, then release oxygen into the air. Last, carbon and water remains behind in the plant to form carbohydrates.

6

Examples Of Monosaccharides

  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Galactose
7

Examples Of Disaccharides

  • Maltose - Glucose & Glucose
  • Sucrose - Glucose & Fructose
  • Lactose - Glucose & Galactose
8

Examples Of Polysaccarides

  • Starch (Plants)/Digestible
  • Glycogen (Animals)Digestible
  • Fiber/ Un-Digestible
9

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Juvenile- onset diabetes
  • Insulin- Dependent diabetes
  • Teens & Children are more likely to get
  • Usually Skinny
  • Symptoms: Thirst, Tiredness, weight loss, Urinating Frequently and Rapid Breathing
10

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Maturity- onset diabetes
  • Insulin-independent(does not need insulin)
  • Usually over age 40
  • Overweight or Obese
  • Symptoms: Tiredness, passing urine more frequently and thrush/skin infections
11

Saturated Fatty Acids

Does not have any Double Bonds between the carbons.

12

Un-Saturated Fatty Acids

The formation has double bonds between the carbon atoms.

13

Types Of Lipids

  • Triglyerides/ Tricia
  • Phospholipids/ Phil
  • Sterols/ Steve
14

Triglyerides

Unsaturated fatty acids that are kept at room temperature.

15

Phospholipids

...

16

Sterols

Lipids that contain multiple rings of carbon atoms(Steroids).

17

Sub-Types Lipoproteins

  • VLDL
  • LDL
  • HDL
  • Chylomicrons
18

LDL

Bad Cholesterol

19

HDL

Good Cholesterol

20

Atherosclerosis

Buildup of Cholesterol & other material, called Plaque, on the inner walls of the coronary arteries.

21

C.A.D.(Coronary Artery Disease)

Coronaries become hardened & narrow due to Atherosclerosis.

22

"Atherogenic" Diet

associated with atherogenesis or with the formation of plaque in the inner lining of arteries; Foods with saturated fats are extremely atherogenic.

23

Lipoproteins

a spherical molecule with water soluble proteins on the exterior; group of compounds made by the body that transport lipids through the bloodstream of various body parts.

24

Cholesterol

deposited into the artery walls, leading to plaque buildup and heart disease.