Ch 4. Political Parties

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Governing Texas
Chapter 4
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1

A political party is

An organization that consists of individuals interested in controlling government by winning elections.

2

In Texas, the two leading political parties are the

Democratic and Republic

3

general election is held in

November of even- numbered years.

4

In TX, a candidate may only win an office in a general election if he/she receives

a plurality of the vote

5

a stratarchy is

a political system wherein power is diffused among and within levels of party organization

6

The American Political Party system consists of

National, State, County, and Precinct levels

7

In March 2012, a three judge federal panel ordered a _______________ primary election date for Texas.

May

8

Primaries and conventions that nominate candidates, adopr platforms and select delegates to higher level conventions are know as

Temporary Party organizations

9

Which of the following would be performed at a party's precinct convention?

Nomination of delegates to the county convention

10

Precinct conventions in Texas are usually

lightly or sparsely attended

11

Resolutions adopted at the precinct convention will be submitted first to the

County or district convention.

12

District conventions are held in

highly populated areas of the state like Bexar, Harris , and Dallas counties.

13

The main business of county and district conventions is to

Select delegates to the state convention.

14

According to the TX Election Code, eah political party in TX must hold a ______________ in June of even numbered years

State Convention

15

Which of the following tasks is not performed every two years at the state party convention?

Election of the state legislators

16

Which of the following happens at the party state convention during presidential election years only?

Selection of potential presidential electors

17

Each state receives a number of electoral votes equal to the

number of seats each state has in Congress.

18

How many electoral votes will TX have in the presidential election of 2016 ?

38

19

In 2014, how did delegates to the state party conventions communicate their experiences and describe the proceedings to those outside the conventions?

Via social media such as FB and Twitter

20

Which of the following is not oned of a party precinct chair's duties?

Representing the party in lawsuits

21

The party's county executive committee is

comprised of all of the precinct chairs

22

As mandated by TX state law, each party's state executive committee must

Be comprised equally of men and women

23

The main role of a state party's chair is to be the party's

key strategist and key spokesperson

24

Returns from the party primaries for statewide office are counted (or canvassed) by the

state party executive committee

25

Which term would best describe a politician that is generally opposed to government -managed or government -subsidized programs?

Conservative

26

A conservative would most likely support which of the following policies?

A ban on same sex marriages

27

Which political label would best describe a politician that is in favor of government regulation of the economy, but limited government involvement on social issues?

Liberal

28

Liberals would most likely support which of the following policies?

laws protecting a woman's right to equal pay for equal work

29

When Congress passed the Reconstruction Acts, former slave owners and supporters of the Confederacy were

purged as officeholders and denied the vote

30

Political alliances during the Republic of TX were based on

personalities

31

The history of the TX political party system has tended toward

TX being a one party state

32

One of the reasons why Anglo voters opposed Governor E.J. Davis was that he

Appointed African Americans to office throughout the State

33

During the period of Reconstruction that followed the Civil War (1865-1873) , the ______________ Party controlled TX politics

Republican

34

After Reconstruction which political party dominated in TX for more than 100 years?

Democratic

35

Which political party during the latter part of ht 19th century focused on agrarian issues and posed a challenge to the Democratic party of TX?

Populist

36

At the turn of the 20th Century, The Populist Party in TX declined, largely due to

the Democratic Party adoting its issues.

37

Beginning in the late 1940s a majority of conservative Democrats in TX began to support the

National Republican candidates

38

The fiercest political fighting in TX between 1900 and 1950 was between

liberal and conservative Democrats

39

Who was the first TX Republican elected in a statewide vote in the last half of the 20th century?

John Tower

40

What year did Texans elect their first Republican governor since Reconstruction?

1978

41

What year did Texans elect the first woman ever to represent the state in the U.S. Senate?

1993

42

Which TX governor, elected in 1994 , was successful as the Republican Party's candidate for President in 2000?

George W. Bush

43

In _______, for the first time since the primary system was established in TX, Republican primaries were conducted in all 254 counties.

1996

44

In which of the following decades did the Republican Party in TX begin to win almost all of the statewide offices it challenged?

1990s

45

The closest presidential election of modern times was in

2000, when Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat Al Gore by four electoral votes.

46

In the TX general election of 2000 which two parties had more candidates for statewide office than did the Democratic Party?

Green, and Libertarian

47

Republicans won all statewide races in the ________ general election

2002

48

In the TX general election of 2002, which trio was dubbed " The Dream Team" because of their expected appeal to Latino, African American and Anglo voters?

Sanchez, Kirk ,and Sharp

49

Changing demographic patterns in Harris and Dallas counties have

shown an increase in Democrats due to increases in minority populations.

50

Which of the following is not true of the 2008 election?

Democrats gained a majority in the TX Senate for the 2nd straight election.

51

In 2008, one reason why Obama won in Harris, Travis, Bexar, and Dallas counties was because of

Solid support from Latino and African American voters.

52

In 2010 , Republicans in the TX House of Representatives

gained a supermajority for the first time since Reconstruction

53

Which is true of the past three primary election in TX?

More Republicans than Democrats turned out to vote.

54

The trend of voters abandoning their traditional political party allegiance is referred to as

dealignment

55

Which of the following geographic areas is not a Democratic stronghold in TX?

German Hill Country

56

Which geographic are f TX is not a Republican stronghold?

Hispanic counties of South TX

57

A political party that is not one of the two major parties is referred to as a

3rd party

58

When a person votes for only candidates from one party, they are engaging in

Straight ticket voting

59

Which statement best describes the Libertarian Party?

It supports limited government and maximum individual liberties.

60

In which of the following ways have third parties been least successful?

Winning elections to national offices

61

Of the third parties listed below, which probably has had the least influence on TX politics?

Fascist

62

Which statement best describes the Green Party?

It advocates environmental protection and government reform policies.

63

Candidates who run for office with no party affiliation are referred to as

independents

64

Which of the following were independent candidates who had a significant impact on a TX election?

Richard S.( Kinky) Friedman and Carol Keeton Strayhorn

65

Explain the difference between temporary and permanent party organizations.

Pg 123-131 PTXP. BROW. 16.4.1 -LO4.1

66

Briefly explain why conservatives tend to support the Republican Party and liberals tend to support the Democratic party.

Pg 132-133 PTXP. Brow. 164.4.2.- LO4.2

67

How did the Republican party gain control of TX GOVT during Reconstruction? How did they lose control of TX government when Reconstruction ended?

Pg 134 PTXP , Brow. 16.4.3-LO4.3

68

Describe the differences between the Libertarian Party and the Republican Party . Describe also the differences between the Green Party and the Democratic Party.

Pg 147-148

132-133

PTXP. BROW. 16.4.- LO 4.4

69

Explain why is it difficult for an independent candidate to win elections in TX. Why do you think independent candidates choose to run without a party label when it is so difficult to win?

Pg 148-149

PTXP.BROW 16.4.4-LO4.4

70

Define the concept of a political party , and explain the basic functions performed buy political parties. Explain what you see as the benefits and drawbacks of political parties.

Pg 122-131

PTXP. BROW 16.4.1 -LO4.1

71

Trace the operation of temporary party organizations in TX. How do parties develop their platforms and choose their candidates for office? Explain why you think the system either does a dood or bad job of making sure that the parties truly represent the interest and /or preferences of the voters who support them.

Pg 123-127

PTXP. BROW. 16.4.1-LO4.1

72

Describe the additional functions and events that must occur within political party organizations during presidential election years. Be sure to include both state and national party organizational operations. Understand the role state parties perform in selection of a presidential nominee, and the role parties play in selection of delegates to the Electoral College.

PG 127-129

PTXP.BROW 16.4.1-LO4.1

73

What do the terms conservative and liberal mean? Explain the links between these terms and political parties in TX. Which best describes your political beliefs? Explain what you perceive to be at least one weakness in the particular political philosophy tha you embrace.

132-133

PTXP. BROW 16.4.2-LO4.2

74

Trace the Evolution of the two major parties within the state, including their history of involvement in TX politics, their issues, and their relative political strength and successes. Explain what you see as the benefits and drawbacks of having a 2 party system rather than multi party system.

PG 134-145

75

Describe the political party climate in TX between the end of the CIvil War and the 1940s. HOw and why did party domination change? What were the third-party challenges to the dominant party, and how were these challenges dealt with by the major parties?

Pg 134, 138

76

Explain 3 major difference sbetween the TX Republican and TX Democratic Party Platforms. Based on their platforms, explain which party best represents your view on the issues you find most important.

Pg 135-137

77

Describe the political party climate in TX since the 1940s. Describe the process by which the Republican Party has replace the Democratic Party as the more influential and powerful party within the state. Identify 3rd party and replaced the Democratic Party as the more influential and powerful party within the stare. Identify 3rd party and independent challenges to the dominant party during this time.

Pg 138-145

78

Describe the strengths of the Democratic and Republic parties by region in TX. Provide an understanding of why each party has certain strengths in particular regions within the state, speculate as to the future potential of each party within the state of TX.

PG 145-146

79

Discuss the impact of independent and 3rd party candidates upon TX politics .

Why do they keep recurring even though it seems like they are never successful? What are the most prominent third parties today?

Pg 146-149