A&P 1, Unit 6, Epithelium, Nervous, and Muscle Tissues

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 months ago by jhamme2
11 views
Warning connective tissue is in the next card set and not all material from the chapter is included in this set of cards
updated 5 weeks ago by jhamme2
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

the four categories of tissue

epithelium, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue

2

characteristics of epithelium

  • cellular

apical surface

basal surface (basement membrane)

  • avascular (lack of blood vessels)
  • highly regenerative
3

naming epithelial tissues

  • Number of layers of cells
  • Simple: a single layer of cells between the basal surface of the tissue and apical surface.
  • Stratified: more than one layer of cells between the basal surface and apical surface.
  • Shape of cells
  • Squamous: cell is wider than it is tall
  • Cuboidal: cell is as tall as it is wide
  • Columnar: cell is taller than it is wide
4
card image

simple squamous epithelium

5
card image

simple cuboidal epithelium

6
card image

simple columnar epithelium

7
card image
card image

ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium

8
card image
card image

stratified squamous epithelium

9
card image
card image

transitional epithelium

10

characteristics of nervous tissue

  • Excitable
  • Two cell types

Neurons

Neuroglia

11
card image
card image

nervous tissue

12

characteristics of muscle tissue

  • Excitable
  • Contracts
13
card image
card image

skeletal muscle

14

characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue

  • Striated fibers
  • Voluntary
  • Multinucleated
  • Nuclei peripherally located
15
card image
card image

smooth muscle

16

characteristics of smooth muscle tissue

  • Non-striated
  • Involuntary
  • Uninucleated
  • Centrally located nucleus
17
card image
card image

cardiac muscle

18

characteristics of cardiac muscle tissue

  • Striated
  • Involuntary
  • Branched cells
  • Uninucleated cells
  • Intercalated discs
  • Found only in the heart
19

What is the function and location of simple squamous epithelium?

Found:

  • the lining of blood vessels and the heart

Function:

  • diffusion
  • filtration
  • secretion of lubrication

Way to Remember: When you are doing squats, heart rate increases, diffusion and filtration of O2 and CO2 of the blood vessels increase. Lubrication is secreted for the heart

20

What is the function and location of simple cuboidal epithelium?

Found:

  • the secretory regions of small glands

Function:

  • secretion
  • absorption

Way to Remember: in specific cubbed off regions of small glands for secretion and absorption

21

What is the function and location of simple columnar epithelium?

Found:

  • digestive tract and bladder

Function:

  • absorption
  • secretion of mucus and enzymes

Ways to Remember: Columnar shape has more room for absorption and secretion of mucus and enzymes

22

What is the function and location of ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium?

Found:

  • the trachea and upper respiratory system

Function:

  • secretion and movement of mucus

Way to Remember: The cilia of the trachea and upper respiratory tract move mucus and the columnar shape has more room to secrete mucus

23

What is the function and location of stratified squamous epithelium?

Found:

  • the lining of blood vessels and the heart

Function:

  • diffusion
  • filtration
  • secretion of lubrication

Way to Remember: It is stratified, so you many layers of protection

24

What is the function and location of transitional epithelium?

Found:

  • the bladder and urethra

Function:

  • stretch

Way to Remember: When the bladder and urethra are full of urine, the transitional cells stretch and transitions into a bigger organ that can hold more urine than before.

25

What is the function and location of nervous tissue?

Found:

  • the brain and spinal column

Function:

  • generate an action potential

Way to Remember: The brain and spinal column are part of the nervous system and all potential actions come from the brain.

26

What is the function and location of skeletal muscle?

Found:

  • attached to bone

Function:

  • movement

Way to Remember: Skeletal muscle is attached to the bones of the skeletal system. All muscles are for movement.

27

What is the function and location of cardiac muscle?

Found:

  • in the heart

Function:

  • movement

Way to Remember: Cardiac means heart. All muscles are for movement.

28

What is the function and location of smooth muscle?

Found:

  • lines hollow organs

Function:

  • movement

Way to Remember: Smooth muscle lines hollow organs to help things move in and out of them smoothly.

29
card image

cardiac muscle tissue

30
card image

nervous tissue

31
card image

pseudostratified epithelium

32
card image

simple columnar epithelium

33
card image

simple cuboidal epithelium

34
card image

simple squamous epithelium

35
card image

skeletal muscle tissue

36
card image

smooth muscle tissue

37
card image

stratified squamous epithelium

38
card image

transitional epithelium