Culture and Communication
What does the word "culture" include?
A social groups language, laws, and religion
_____ refers to the biological characteristics that make us men and women; _____ refers to the socially constructed roles and behaviors that have been deemed appropriate for men and women.
The process by which we learn the culture into which we are born is called _____
The process by which we learn the rules and norms of a culture different from our native culture is called _____
According to this perspective on culture, immigrants should leave their native culture behind and adapt to the culture of their new country.
In what ways does culture differ?
Collectivism and Individualism
High and low-context
In this type of culture, people define themselves according to their group affiliation and are willing to sacrifice to meet group goals. This culture promotes benevolence, tradition, and conformity.
Members of this type of culture often place much emphasis on face-saving behaviors.
This culture is one in which most of the information is explicitly stated in the verbal message.
A culture in which power is concentrated in the hands of few is considered to be a _____________
High-power distance culture
Cultures in which we are expected to confront a friend, partner, or supervisor assertively.
Low-power distance cultures
Cultures in which we are expected to be modest, polite, and totally respectful to those who have more status than us.
High-power distance cultures
This culture highly values modesty, concern for the relationship and the quality of life, and tenderness.
This culture values aggressiveness, material success, and strength.
These cultures emphasize the quality of life and so socialize their members to be modest and to emphasize close interpersonal relationships.
Members of _____-tolerant cultures do not feel threatened by unknown situations; uncertainty is a normal part of life.
Members of _____-tolerant cultures fear uncertainty and create very clear rules for communication.
Cultures with a _____ orientation promote preparation for the future to attain later rewards in life.
Members of cultures with a(n) _____ orientation expect quick results from their efforts, spend their resources for the present, and look more to the present than the future.
The feeling that you have the freedom to do as you please is _____.
Members of cultures high in _____ are generally unhappy, cynical, and pessimistic.
What are three examples of intercultural communication?
_____ is the tendency to see others and their behaviors through your own culture filters.
A person says, “She thinks that way because she’s a woman.” Another says, “He believes that because he was raised as a Catholic.” These are examples of what?
Culture includes a social group’s language, ways of thinking, laws, religion, communication theories, styles, and attitudes.
Cultures teach boys and girls the same attitudes, beliefs, values, and ways of communicating and relating to one another.
Culture is passed on from one generation to the next through genes.
Enculturation is the process by which you learn the rules and norms of a culture different from your native culture.
Acculturation is the process by which you learn the culture into which you were born.
Politeness and the way it is communicated is universal among all cultures.
The emphasis on cultural awareness in your textbook implies that you should accept all cultural practices or that all cultural practices are equal.
Americans generally have a preference for individual values.
A high-context culture is one in which most of the information is explicitly stated in the verbal message.
In high-power-distance cultures, power is evenly distributed throughout the citizenry.
A highly feminine culture values modesty, concern for the relationship and quality of life, and tenderness.
All cultures are uncomfortable with ambiguity.
People’s happiness depends on whether they feel in control of their lives and have leisure time.
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to see others and their behaviors through our own cultural filters.
Overattribution is a good strategy to deal with difficult intercultural communication situations.
_____ is the process by which we learn the culture into which we are born.
A perspective that values _____ holds that people should retain their native cultural ways.
Technology has made _____ communication easy, practical, and inevitable.
Success in an _____ culture is measured by the extent to which you surpass other members of your group.
In a _____-context culture, you would look to the context or the relationship with the person to gather much of the information in communication.
In _____-power distance cultures, power is concentrated in the hands of a few, and there is a great difference in the power held by these people and by the ordinary citizen.
Members of a _____-ambiguity-tolerant culture avoid uncertainty and are anxious about an unpredictable future.
_____ are fixed impressions of a group of people.
To increase intercultural communication competence, you should practice _____, which can help you avoid operating on the basis of often incorrect assumptions.
_____ is the tendency to assign too much of a person’s behavior or attitudes to one of that person’s characteristics.