28 notecards = 7 pages (4 cards per page)
In order to prevent self-digestion of the pancreas, activation of pancreatic proteases occurs in the __________.
The pancreatic duct empties into the duodenum, where activation of proteases occurs. This process occurs to prevent self-digestion of the pancreas.
During deglutition, the bolus passes into the stomach from the esophagus through the __________.
During the intestinal phase of gastric regulation, __________.
the stomach is initially stimulated and later inhibited
Protective collections of lymphocytes and macrophages are found in __________.
Peyer's patches, which contain lymphocytes and macrophages, increase in number toward the end of the ileum.
What is the main organic molecule digested in the stomach?
The propulsive function that occurs in the esophagus is called __________.
Which of the following is a characteristic of the large intestine?
It contains a large number of bacteria.
Which regulatory chemical stimulates gastric gland activity and motility?
Which sequence below represents the correct layering of the wall of the GI tract, starting from the layer next to the lumen?
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
What substances from different organs would mix together at the hepatopancreatic ampulla?
bile and pancreatic enzymes
What would be the effect of stripping the small intestines of their villi?
Decreased surface area for absorption would cause weight loss to occur.
Which of the following products does the stomach produce?
HCl and intrinsic factor
The final product of carbohydrate digestion is __________.
Which of the following cells produce HCl?
Parietal cells make HCl and intrinsic factor.
Which of the following cells produce pepsinogen?
Chief cells are the enzyme-producing cells.
The digestive system in a cadaver is longer than in a living person because, in a cadaver, there is NO __________.
__________ is the major means of propulsion in the digestive system.
The short reflexes in the digestive system are stimulated by __________.
the enteric nerve plexuses
Which of the following is the most common cause of peritonitis?
a burst appendix
The myxovirus causes __________.
Halitosis is caused by __________.
increased activity of anaerobic bacterial activity at the back of the tongue
Which of the following teeth are most commonly impacted?
Which of the following conditions is directly associated with an increased risk for heart disease and stroke?
The only stomach function that is essential to life is __________.
the secretion of intrinsic factor
Some aspects of the __________ phase of gastric secretion may be considered conditioned reflexes.
Some aspects of the cephalic phase of gastric secretion may be considered conditioned reflexes
Hollow muscular organs, like the stomach, that act as reservoirs exhibit __________.
Many of the early food allergies seen in infants are caused by __________.
absorption of whole proteins
Which of the following is a condition that affects the large intestine that is NOT explained by anatomical or biochemical abnormalities?
irritable bowel syndrome