Link

Embed on a website

Code changes based on your size selection

Size

Chapter 8 A&P


expand view

Notecard view  |  List view


ALL Cards
MARKED
UN-MARKED
Click card # to mark/un-mark cardmark allun-mark all
# Front Side Back Side
1
Which of the following is a true statement?

The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.

The head of the humerus articulates with the acromion process.

The greater tubercle of the humerus articulates at the coracoid process of the scapula.

The rotator cuff is responsible for the flexible extensions at the elbow joint.
The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
2
All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight.

T
F
F
3

Which structure is composed primarily of dense irregular connective tissue?

A
B
C
D
D
4
Tendon sheaths ________.

are lined with dense irregular connective tissue

are extensions of periosteum

act as friction-reducing structures

help anchor the tendon to the muscle
act as friction-reducing structures
5
A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint.

T
F
T
6
Most joints of the body are classified as ________ joints.

fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial
immovable
synovial
7

Which joint in the figure is capable of multiaxial movement?

A
B
C
D
E
F
A
8
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called ________.

bursae
ligaments
tendons
menisci
bursae
9
Moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space is called circumduction.

T
F
T
10
Fibrous joints are classified as ________.

pivot, hinge, and ball and socket
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
hinge, saddle, and ellipsoidal
symphysis, sacroiliac, and articular
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
11
Maggie is a 28-year-old Caucasian woman who has newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA). She complains of painful, stiff hands and feet, feeling tired all the time, and reports an intermittent low-grade fever. She asks the nurse if she is going to be "crippled." How should the nurse respond?

RA is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disorder. Inflammation occurs in the joint, and the fluid that accumulates causes swelling, stiffness, impairment of joint movement, and extreme pain.

RA results in the formation of bony spurs that enlarge the bone ends, restrict joint movement, and cause pain.

RA arthritis is due to the accumulation of crystals in the joints that impair movement of the joint and cause extreme pain.

Not all cases of RA result in fluid accumulation, swelling, stiffness, impairment of joint movement, and extreme pain.
RA is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disorder. Inflammation occurs in the joint, and the fluid that accumulates causes swelling, stiffness, impairment of joint movement, and extreme pain.
12
Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes

T
F
F
13
Which ligament of the knee initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?

the patellar ligament
the lateral patellar retinacula
the extracapsular ligament
the medial patellar retinacula
the patellar ligament
14
The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements.

T
F
F
15

All three joints in the below figure are classified as ______.

fibrous joints
synovial joints
cartilaginous joints
fibrous joints
16
Which of the following does NOT represent a structural classification of joints?

fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial
diarthrosis
diarthrosis
17
In a sprain, the ________ of a joint are stretched or torn.

bones
tendons
muscles
ligaments
ligaments
18
he only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion.

T
F
F
19
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Identify the saddle joint of the skeleton.

Interphalangeal joint of the finger.
Carpometacarpal joint of the phalanges.
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.
Meatcarpophalangeal joint of the finger.
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.
20
Supination is the movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior..

T
F
T
21
Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on ________.

their location

the shape of their articular surfaces

the amount of synovial fluid found in the joint cavity

their size
the shape of their articular surfaces
22
A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint.

T
F
T
23
Which of the following is NOT a structural feature of synovial joints?

a fluid-filled joint cavity
bone ends covered with hyaline cartilage
reinforcing ligaments
bone ends united by fibrocartilage
bone ends united by fibrocartilage
24
Which of the following is one difference between bursae and tendon sheaths?

Bursae are flattened fibrous sacs wedged between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths are elongated fibrous sacs that wrap around tendons.
Bursae serve as cushioning fat pads between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths reduce friction between adjacent structures.
Bursae contain a thin film of synovial fluid, while tendon sheaths lack synovial fluid altogether.
Bursae are only found in synovial joints, while tendon sheaths are only found in fibrous joints.
Bursae are flattened fibrous sacs wedged between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths are elongated fibrous sacs that wrap around tendons.
25
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following statements is true about this fluid?

It contains lactic acid.
It contains enzymes only.
It contains hydrochloric acid.
It contains hyaluronic acid.
It contains hyaluronic acid.
26
The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.

prevent hyperextension of the knee
tend to run parallel to one another
are also called collateral ligaments
attach to each other in their midportions
prevent hyperextension of the knee
27
The MAIN contributors to hip joint stability are __________.

the rotator cuff muscles

the muscle tendons that cross the joint

the bulky hip and thigh muscles surrounding the joint

the deep socket of the joint and strong capsular ligaments
the deep socket of the joint and strong capsular ligaments
28
The gliding motion of the wrist uses ________ joints.

hinge
plane
pivot
condyloid
plane
29
The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability.

T
F
T
30
Which of the following is a correct statement about development of joints?

All fibrous joints are in the adult form by the time of birth.

Joints develop in parallel with bones.

By the end of the fourth week, fetal synovial joints resemble adult joints.

Joints develop independent of bone growth.
Joints develop in parallel with bones.
31

The joints indicated by the arrows in C and D are distinguished from those indicated in A and B by the presence of which of the following tissues?

spongy bone
fibro-cartilage
elastic cartilage
compact bone
fibro-cartilage
32
Which of the following is not a part of the synovial joint?

articular capsule
articular cartilage
joint cavity
tendon sheath
tendon sheath
33
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.

fibrocartilage
tendon sheaths
synovial membranes
hyaline cartilage
hyaline cartilage
34
The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement.

T
F
T
35

The generalized model for the structural type of joint illustrated shares the LEAST number of features with which of the following?

knee joint
intervertebral joint
intercarpal joint
elbow joint
intervertebral joint
36
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.

cruciate ligaments
tibial collateral ligaments
anterior ligaments
patellar ligaments
cruciate ligaments
37
Supination is the movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior.

T
F
T
38

Which joint moves only by a uniaxial movement around its own axis?

F
B
C
D
B
39
Pointing the toes is an example of ________.

circumduction
protraction
plantar flexion
pronation
plantar flexion
40
Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa.

T
F
F
41
Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion.

T
F
T
42
Tendon sheaths ________.

are lined with dense irregular connective tissue

are extensions of periosteum

act as friction-reducing structures

help anchor the tendon to the muscle
act as friction-reducing structures
43
Which type of joint allows opposition?

pivot joint
saddle joint
condylar joint
hinge joint
saddle joint
44
Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to joint stability?

amount of muscle tone applied to tendons that cross the joint

amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity

shape of the articulating surfaces

number and positioning of reinforcing ligaments
amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity
45
What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?

abduction
dorsiflexion
inversion
adduction
abduction
46

Which of these joints would be functionally classified as diarthrotic?

A
B
C
None of the listed responses is correct.
None of the listed responses is correct.
47
On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

symphysis
pivot
synchondrosis
syndesmosis
syndesmosis
48
Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?

A)Gliding movements allow flexibility of the upper limbs.

B)An example of a gliding movement is nodding one's head.

C)Gliding movements are multiaxial.

D)Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
49
If a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is not properly repaired, the consequences could include the inability to prevent ________.

medial rotation of an extended knee
lateral rotation of an extended knee
forward sliding of the tibia on the femur
forward sliding of the femur
forward sliding of the tibia on the femur
50
When a person makes a pinching motion with their thumb and forefinger they are performing a movement called ________.

A)dorsiflexion
B)supination
C)retraction
D)opposition
E)elevation
opposition
51
Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood.

T
F
T
52
Which inflammatory joint disease is caused by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer?

lyme disease
bursitis
gouty arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
lyme disease
53

Which of the following is a hinge joint?

A
B
F
D
F
54

The arrows in B and C point to structures that can both be described as a ______.

ligament
bone
muscle
tendon
ligament
55
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?

hinge joint
symphysis
synchondrosis
suture
hinge joint
56
Moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space is called circumduction.

T
F
T
57

Which joint in the above figure is limited to nonaxial gliding movements?

C
F
E
D
E
58
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ________.

lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements

the oblique popliteal crossing the knee anteriorly

cruciate ligaments, which help secure the articulating bones together

the patellar ligament extending from femur to patella
lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
59
The gliding motion of the wrist uses ________ joints.

hinge
plane
pivot
condyloid
plane
60
Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ________.

extension
hyperextension
flexion
circumduction
hyperextension
61
Synarthrotic joints ________.

have large joint cavities
permit essentially no movement
are found only in adults
are cartilaginous joints
permit essentially no movement
62
The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ________ synovial joint.

nonaxial
uniaxial
biaxial
multiaxial
multiaxial
63
The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.

feet
hands
arms
hands and the feet
feet
64
Fluid-filled fibrous sacs lined with a synovial membrane and occurring where ligaments, muscles, and tendons rub together are called ________.
bursae
65
In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?

In cartilaginous joints, a joint cavity is present.

Immovable joints are called amphiarthroses.

Synarthrotic joints are slightly movable.

All synovial joints are freely movable.
All synovial joints are freely movable.
66
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Identify the saddle joint of the skeleton.

Interphalangeal joint of the finger.
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.
Carpometacarpal joint of the phalanges.
Meatcarpophalangeal joint of the finger.
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.
67
Which of the following refers to a joint that is immovable?

amphiarthrosis
synarthrosis
diarthrosis
synovial
synarthrosis
68
Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?

Syndesmoses
Gomphoses
Synchondroses
Sutures
Synchondroses
69
Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.

synovial joints
diarthroses
amphiarthroses
synarthroses
amphiarthroses
70
The synovial membrane ________.

covers and protects the articulating bone surfaces

lines the inside of the fibrous joint capsule

reinforces the joints so that the opposing bones are not pulled apart

functions as a cushion between opposing bones
lines the inside of the fibrous joint capsule
71
Which of the following is CORRECTLY paired?

uniaxial joint: permits only slipping or gliding movements

nonaxial movement: no movement

biaxial joint: permits movement in one plane and around one axis

multiaxial movement: movement in all three planes and around all three axes
multiaxial movement: movement in all three planes and around all three axes
72
The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity.

T
F
T
73
Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?

They allow movement only in one plane.

They occur only between bones with flat articular processes.

They allow movement in several planes.

They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
74

Which of the joints will eventually develop into a synostosis?

A
B
C
D
A
75
Which ligament would one tap to generate the knee-jerk reflex?

patellar ligament
tibial collateral ligament
oblique popliteal ligament
anterior cruciate ligament
patellar ligament
76
Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?

Gomphoses
Synchondroses
Syndesmoses
Sutures
Synchondroses
77
Symphyses are synarthrotic joints designed for strength with flexibility.

T
F
F
78
What is the most important stabilizing factor for most synovial joints?

the shape of the articular surfaces
the size of the reinforcing ligaments
muscle tone
synovial fluid
muscle tone
79
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is (are) damaged as a result?

suprapatellar

oblique popliteal and extracapsular ligament

arcuate popliteal and the posterior cruciate

medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
80
Which movement increases the angle between articulating bones?

flexion
adduction
supination
extension
extension
81
The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.

are also called collateral ligaments
attach to each other in their midportions
prevent hyperextension of the knee
tend to run parallel to one another
prevent hyperextension of the knee
82
Which type of movement occurs at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints?

rotation
uniaxial movement
gliding movement
opposition
gliding movement
83
Which of the following is not a factor that contributes to keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact?

structure and shape of the articulating bone

strength and tension of joint ligaments

arrangement and tension of the muscles

number of bones in the joint
number of bones in the joint
84

Structure C and D collectively form which of the following?

articular capsule
synovial membrane
ligament
bursae
articular capsule
85
Pronation is a much stronger movement than supination.

T
F
F
86
Which of the following are CORRECTLY paired?

synchondrosis: a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones

syndesmoses: bony edges interlock

gomphoses: articulating bones are separated by a fluid containing cavity

suture: bones connected exclusively by ligaments
synchondrosis: a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones
87

The thumb joint indicated by C mediates which of the following special movements?

elevation
opposition
inversion
dorsiflexion
opposition
88
A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a ________.

syndesmosis
suture
gomphosis
symphysis
symphysis
89
Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?

cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones

joints that permit angular movements

interphalangeal joints

amphiarthrotic joints designed for strength and flexibility
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
90
Which of the following statements regarding the joints between the ribs and sternum is correct?

All joints between the ribs and sternum are classified as synovial joints.

The joints between the first ribs and sternum are synarthrotic; the joints between the other ribs and sternum are diarthrotic. This joint is labeled B in the figure.

All joints between the ribs and sternum are classified as cartilaginous joints.

The joints between the first ribs and sternum are synchondroses; the joints between the other ribs and sternum are symphyses.
The joints between the first ribs and sternum are synarthrotic; the joints between the other ribs and sternum are diarthrotic. This joint is labeled B in the figure.
91
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.

rare because the rotator cuff stabilizes the hip joint

common due to the weight bearing the hip endures

rare because of the ligament reinforcement

common in all people who are overweight
rare because of the ligament reinforcement
92
Pronation is a much stronger movement than supination.

T
F
F
93

Which of the following is true regarding the structure indicated by the arrow in the joint depicted in A?

It is formed by a synovial membrane.

It is composed of hyaline cartilage.

It becomes ossified late in adult development.

It is classified as amphiarthrotic.
It becomes ossified late in adult development.
94
To realign an anteriorly dislocated Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), a physician must push the mandible inferiorly and posteriorly in order to move the mandibular condyle past the temporal bone's ________.

mandibular fossa
articular tubercle
articular capsule
articular disc
articular tubercle
95
Functional classification of joints is based on ________.

the location of the joint

whether a joint cavity is present

the amount of movement allowed by the joint

the size of the joint
the amount of movement allowed by the joint
96
Synarthrotic joints ________.

are cartilaginous joints
permit essentially no movement
are found only in adults
have large joint cavities
permit essentially no movement
97
Synovial fluid does NOT ________.

contain phagocytic cells

reduce friction between the articular cartilages

nourish the cartilage cells in the joint

prevent the articulating bones from dislocating
prevent the articulating bones from dislocating
98

Which of the following terms describes the functional classification of the illustrated joint with regard to its range of movement?

synarthrotic
synovial
diarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
99
Which joint in the body is most susceptible to sports injuries?

elbow
wrist
shoulder
knee
knee
100
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints.

T
F
T
101
A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids.

T
F
F
102
Which of the following movements does not increase or decrease the angle between bones?

abduction
circumduction
extension
rotation
rotation
103
Which of the following is CORRECTLY matched?

osteoarthritis: chronic degenerative joint disease

tendonitis: inflammation of the joint

bursitis: urate crystals in the joint

gout: inflammation of the tendons
osteoarthritis: chronic degenerative joint disease
104
Which of the following movements does not increase or decrease the angle between bones?

extension
abduction
rotation
circumduction
rotation
105
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?

symphysis
synchondrosis
hinge joint
suture
hinge joint
106
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.

form the synovial membrane

provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints

attach tendons

produce red blood cells (hemopoiesis)
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
107
What are menisci?

semilunar cartilage pads
cavities lined with cartilage
small sacs containing synovial fluid
tendon sheaths
semilunar cartilage pads
108
An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is ________.

between the vertebrae

between the humerus and the glenoid cavity

the radius and ulna along its length

the clavicle and the scapula at the distal ends
the radius and ulna along its length
109
Using the structural classification, what type of joint is the epiphyseal plate?

synarthrotic joint
cartilaginous joint
fibrous joint
amphiarthrotic joint
cartilaginous joint
110
A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ________ joint.

suture
gomphosis
synchondrosis
syndesmosis
gomphosis
111
People who grind their teeth are likely to damage their ________.

temporomandibular joints
glenohumeral joint
tibiofemoral joint
coxal joint
temporomandibular joints
112
The joint between the frontal and parietal bones is classified by material as a ________ joint.
Suture
113
Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint.

T
F
T
114
Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion.

T
F
T
115
Extension is an example of a(n) ________ movement.

rotational
gliding
angular
nonaxial
angular
116
The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint.

T
F
T
117
Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris.

T
F
T
118

Joints A, B, C, and D in the figures below are all classified as ______.

fibrous joints
synovial joints
cartilaginous joints
cartilaginous joints
119
Which of the following is NOT a muscle of the rotator cuff?

subscapularis muscle
teres minor muscle
biceps brachii muscle
infraspinatus muscle
supraspinatus muscle
biceps brachii muscle
120
Which joint has sacrificed stability to provide great freedom of movement?

shoulder
ankle
elbow
knee
shoulder
121
The shoulder and hip are examples of ________.

hinge joints
pivot joints
condylar joints
plane joints
ball-and-socket joints
ball-and-socket joints
122
The origin of a muscle is attached to the movable bone.

T
F
F

Comments (0)

or register to post a comment

Helpfulness:2

 

Created

1 year agoby jeandoesntknow

Last updated

1 year agoby jeandoesntknow

Views

16676

Loading related sets...