AP Biology

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Campbell Biology
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Campbells biology, Final exam. Exam 1, 2,3 put together
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1

One category of a virus is the retroviruses, like HIV,
which means

They use reverse transcriptase to make DNA
copies of their RNA

2

If a virus has an envelope, it is usually made out of:

Membrane taken from host cells

3

In the LYTIC cycle of bacteriophages –

Host DNA is degraded

4

what would result in greater activity
of the enzymes in a metabolic pathway?

Lower levels of ubiquitin

5

In eukaryotic cells, the addition of ____ groups to
chromatin is correlated with increased transcription
rates

Acetyl

6

In eukaryotic cells, the signal that often tells the
machinery to degrade a protein is:

The attaching of ubiquitin to the protein.

7

If an operon is under positive repressible regulation:

It is normally transcribing and removing an
activator turns it off.

8

If a single base pair mutation in the DNA changes the
mRNA, but there is no change in the amino acid that
is coded for, it is considered a ____ mutation

Silent

9

What is a polyribosome?

An mRNA being translated by more than one
ribosome at a time

10

What would happen if a cell was missing SRP?

Ribosomes could not be attached to the
endoplasmic reticulum.

11

How is transcription terminated in eukaryotic cells?

Proteins cut the RNA free from the RNA
polymerase II

12

The P site of the ribosome usually holds

A tRNA with a polypeptide attached to it

13

Transcription in eukaryotes begins when transcription
factors attach to:

A TATA box in the promoter region

14

During the copying of DNA, what action happens
first?

DNA Helicase attaches at a site of origin

15

_____ is the process that makes new copies of DNA
molecules.

Replication

16

Primers are synthesized where on the lagging strand?

At the beginning of every Okazaki fragment

17

What is the job of DNA polymerase I in the process
of DNA replication?

Replacing RNA primers with DNA
nucleotides

18
card image

The figure above shows an example of a chromosomal

inversion

19

If homologous chromosomes fail to separate during
Meiosis I, it results in _____ and an abnormal number
of chromosomes may occur in the gamete.

Nondisjunction

20

What is polygenic Inheritance?

When multiple genes contribute to the
phenotype of a single character.

21

What is the probability that an AABBCC x AaBbCc
cross will produce an AaBbCc offspring (assuming
independent assortment of all gene pairs)

1/8

22

In tigers, the absence of fur pigmentation is caused by
a recessive allele that also causes the tigers to be crosseyed.
This is an example of:

A) Pleiotropy
B) Epistasis
C) Polygenic inheritance
D) Incomplete dominance
E) Codominance

A) Pleiotropy

23

During gamete formation the segregation of the alleles
of one gene is independent of the segregation of the
alleles of another gene. What did Mendel call this
phenomenon?

Law of independent assortment

24

What is the probability of Aabb x aaBb parents
producing a child who is homozygous recessive for at
least one of the genes?

3/4