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The Endocrine System - Quiz A


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1
A/An __________ is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands.
endocrinologist
2
The hormone __________ , which is secreted by cells of the thyroid gland, works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate the calcium levels in the blood and tissues.
calcitonin
3
The __________ gland secretes hormones that control the activity of the other endocrine glands.
pituitary
4
The hormone __________ is secreted by the adrenal medulla and stimulates the sympathetic nervous system.
norepinephrine
5
The condition known as __________ is a complication of hyperparathyroidism in which bones become softened and deformed. They can also develop cysts.
osteitis fibrosa
6
The condition characterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones is known as __________ .
hypercalcemia
7
The __________ are mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, which are normally found in the blood.
electrolytes
8
A/An __________ is a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine.
pheochromocytoma
9
A/An __________ is a reproductive cell. These are sperm in the male and ova in the female.
gamete
10
The hormone __________ is secreted in response to low blood sugar levels.
glucagon
11
The hormone __________ is secreted in response to high blood sugar levels.
insulin
12
The term __________ means excessive thirst.
polydipsia
13
A/An __________ is the surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.
pancreatectomy
14
The term __________ describes an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.
hypoglycemia
15
An oral ___________ test is performed to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and to aid in diagnosing hypoglycemia.
glucose tolerance
16
The steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex are known as __________ .
corticosteroids
17
__________ syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol.
Cushing's
18
The hormone __________ influences the sleep and wakefulness portions of the circadian cycle.
melatonin
19
A/An __________ is a relatively rare life-threatening condition caused by exaggerated hyperthyroidism.
thyroid storm
20
The hormone __________ , which is secreted by the testicles, stimulates the development of the male secondary sex characteristics.
testosterone

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Description

Chapter 13

Book

Introduction to Medical Terminology

Chapter: 13

Grade levels

College: First year
College: Second year
College: Third year
College: Fourth year

Created

3 years agoby jncanf

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Subjects

medicine, english, terminology, medical, dictionaries & terminology

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