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The Endocrine System - Quiz A

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created 3 years ago by jncanf
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Chapter 13

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year

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1

A/An __________ is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands.

endocrinologist

2

The hormone __________ , which is secreted by cells of the thyroid gland, works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate the calcium levels in the blood and tissues.

calcitonin

3

The __________ gland secretes hormones that control the activity of the other endocrine glands.

pituitary

4

The hormone __________ is secreted by the adrenal medulla and stimulates the sympathetic nervous system.

norepinephrine

5

The condition known as __________ is a complication of hyperparathyroidism in which bones become softened and deformed. They can also develop cysts.

osteitis fibrosa

6

The condition characterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones is known as __________ .

hypercalcemia

7

The __________ are mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, which are normally found in the blood.

electrolytes

8

A/An __________ is a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine.

pheochromocytoma

9

A/An __________ is a reproductive cell. These are sperm in the male and ova in the female.

gamete

10

The hormone __________ is secreted in response to low blood sugar levels.

glucagon

11

The hormone __________ is secreted in response to high blood sugar levels.

insulin

12

The term __________ means excessive thirst.

polydipsia

13

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.

pancreatectomy

14

The term __________ describes an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.

hypoglycemia

15

An oral ___________ test is performed to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and to aid in diagnosing hypoglycemia.

glucose tolerance

16

The steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex are known as __________ .

corticosteroids

17

__________ syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol.

Cushing's

18

The hormone __________ influences the sleep and wakefulness portions of the circadian cycle.

melatonin

19

A/An __________ is a relatively rare life-threatening condition caused by exaggerated hyperthyroidism.

thyroid storm

20

The hormone __________ , which is secreted by the testicles, stimulates the development of the male secondary sex characteristics.

testosterone