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The Endocrine System - Quiz A

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created 3 years ago by jncanf
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Chapter 13

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year

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  • 1
    A/An __________ is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands.
    endocrinologist
  • 2
    The hormone __________ , which is secreted by cells of the thyroid gland, works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate the calcium levels in the blood and tissues.
    calcitonin
  • 3
    The __________ gland secretes hormones that control the activity of the other endocrine glands.
    pituitary
  • 4
    The hormone __________ is secreted by the adrenal medulla and stimulates the sympathetic nervous system.
    norepinephrine
  • 5
    The condition known as __________ is a complication of hyperparathyroidism in which bones become softened and deformed. They can also develop cysts.
    osteitis fibrosa
  • 6
    The condition characterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones is known as __________ .
    hypercalcemia
  • 7
    The __________ are mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, which are normally found in the blood.
    electrolytes
  • 8
    A/An __________ is a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine.
    pheochromocytoma
  • 9
    A/An __________ is a reproductive cell. These are sperm in the male and ova in the female.
    gamete
  • 10
    The hormone __________ is secreted in response to low blood sugar levels.
    glucagon
  • 11
    The hormone __________ is secreted in response to high blood sugar levels.
    insulin
  • 12
    The term __________ means excessive thirst.
    polydipsia
  • 13
    A/An __________ is the surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.
    pancreatectomy
  • 14
    The term __________ describes an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.
    hypoglycemia
  • 15
    An oral ___________ test is performed to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and to aid in diagnosing hypoglycemia.
    glucose tolerance
  • 16
    The steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex are known as __________ .
    corticosteroids
  • 17
    __________ syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol.
    Cushing's
  • 18
    The hormone __________ influences the sleep and wakefulness portions of the circadian cycle.
    melatonin
  • 19
    A/An __________ is a relatively rare life-threatening condition caused by exaggerated hyperthyroidism.
    thyroid storm
  • 20
    The hormone __________ , which is secreted by the testicles, stimulates the development of the male secondary sex characteristics.
    testosterone