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The Digestive System - Quiz A

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created 4 years ago by jncanf
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Chapter 8

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year

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1

A/An __________ is a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures.

anastomosis

2

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids.

hemorrhoidectomy

3

A/An __________ is a surgical procedure performed to create an artificial opening between an organ and the body surface.

ostomy

4

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of all or part of the liver.

hepatectomy

5

A/An __________ is the surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ.

proctopexy

6

Abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the peritoneal cavity is known as __________ .

ascites

7

A/An __________ is an incision made into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones.

choledocholithotomy

8

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.

cholecystectomy

9

A/An __________ is medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting.

antiemetic

10

A/An __________ is the surgical repair of a cleft palate.

palatoplasty

11

A/An __________ is the endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum, sigmoid colon, and possibly a portion of the descending colon.

sigmoidoscopy

12

Pain in the gallbladder is known as __________ .

cholecystalgia

13

The progressive degenerative disease of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue is known as __________ .

cirrhosis

14

Dental __________ is the professional cleaning of the teeth to remove plaque and calculus.

prophylaxis

15

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.

gastrectomy

16

Anorexia __________ is an eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to a refusal to maintain a normal body weight.

nervosa

17

The term __________ means abnormally thin.

emaciated

18

Morbid __________ is the condition of weighing two or three times, or more, the ideal weight.

obesity

19

The medical term for vomiting is __________ .

emesis

20

A/An __________ is a pouch or sac occurring in the lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon.

diverticulum