The Human Body in Health and Disease - Quiz B

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Chapter 2 - Quiz B
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Subjects:
medical, nursing
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1

Which type of disorder has no detectable physical changes to explain the symptoms being experienced by the patient?

functional disorder

2

Which of these structures is NOT found in the nucleus of a cell?

cytoplasm

3

Which term describes the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs?

dysplasia

4

Which term describes the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area?

endemic

5

Which type of tissue provides protective padding, insulation, and support?

adipose tissue

6

Which term describes the study of the functions of the structures of the body?

physiology

7

Which plane divides the body into superior and inferior horizontal portions?

transverse plane

8

Which term means toward the lower part of the body?

caudal

9

Which body cavity protects the lungs and heart?

thoracic cavity

10

What is the medical term for the structure commonly known as the belly button?

umbilicus

11

Which term means toward the midline?

medial

12

Which condition is an unfavorable response to a medical or surgical treatment?

iatrogenic illness

13

Which term describes a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood-clotting factor is missing?

hemophilia

14

Which abdominal region is covered by the lower ribs?

hypochondriac

15

Which form of transmission spreads hepatitis B and most sexually transmitted diseases?

bloodborne transmission

16

Which term describes the study of the causes of diseases?

etiology

17

Which term means inflammation of a gland?

adenitis

18

Which term describes the location of a structure below the transverse plane?

inferior

19

Which body system destroys harmful substances such as pathogens and cancer cells?

lymphatic system

20

Which membrane is the inner layer of the peritoneum that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity?

visceral peritoneum