Nerves of the Upper Limb

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created 2 years ago by Kelsey_Parker
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1

a spinal nerve is a mixed nerve formed from the union of _________ and ______

a ventral root and dorsal root

2

a dorsal root contains _____ fibers and ventral root contains _______

afferent/sensory; efferent/motor

3

How many pairs of spinal nerves are there? How many of each type?

31 total; 8 cervical 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal

4

C1-C7 spinal nerves exit the vertebral canal ___________ to the vertebrae for which they were named

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superior

5

Where does C8 exist the vertebral canal via the intervertebral foramen?

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between C7 and T1

6

T1 and inferior spinal nerves exit the vertebra canal _____________ to the vertebrae for which they are named

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inferior

7

From which ventral rami is the brachial plexus formed?

c5-t1

8

how are the subunits of the brachial plexus organized?

roots, trunks, divisions, cords, branches

9

be able to draw the diagram of the brachial plexus

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10

be able to draw the diagram of the brachial plexus that includes the non-terminal nerves

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11

what are the five terminal branches of the brachial plexus?

muscultocutaneous, axillary, median, radial, and ulnar

12

which ventral rami form the musculocutaneous n?

C5,C6,C7

13

which cord does the musculocutaneous nerve directly continue from?

the lateral cord

14

which nerve pierces corachobrachialis and runs between biceps brachii and brachialis?

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musculocutaneous nerve

15

which nerve innervates all the muscles of the anterior arm?

musculocutaneous nerve

16

from which ventral rami is the ulnar nerve formed?

C8-T1

17

Which cord is the ulnar nerve a direct continuation of?

medial cord

18

which nerve are you compressing when you hit your funny bone?

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ulnar nerve

19

which nerve runs posterior to medial epicondyle and runs medially within anterior forearm

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ulnar nerve

20

what is innervated by the median nerve

five intrinsic hand muscles

first two lumbricals

three muscles of the thenar eminence - opponens pollicis, abductor pollicis, and flexor pollicis (recurrent branch of median n)

And all anterior forearm muscles except flexor carpi ulnaris and half of flexor digitorum profundus

deep anterior forearm muscles are innervated by anterior interosseous n.

21

what is innervated by ulnar nerve?

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all but five intrinsic hand muscles -- these are deep branch of ulnar nerve

1.5 muscles in anterior forearm - flexor carpi ulnaris and half of flexor digitorum profundus

22

which ventral rami form the median nerve?

C5-T1

23

Which nerve is formed by one half of the lateral cord and one half of the medial cord?

median nerve

24

which nerve enters the forearm by passing through the cubital fossa and runs between flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus and is deep to biceps brachii?

median nerve

25

which nerves are formed from c5-t1?

median nerve and radial nerve

26

of which cord is the radial nerve a direct continuation of?

the posterior cord

27

which nerve passes posterior to the humerus within the radial groove?

radial nerve

28

what does the radial nerve innervate?

plain old radial nerve only innervates brachioradialis, triceps brachii, and extensor carpi radialis longus

deep branch of radial nerve gets supinator and extensor carpi radialis brevis

posterior interosseous nerve gets all the rest

extensor digitorum, extensor digiti minimi, extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis, extensor indices

29

Which muscles of the hand does the radial nerve innervate/

trick questione. none. it does supply sensory information for the dorsal surface of the area of the thumb

30

from which ventral rami is the axillary nerve formed?

C5-C6

31

which two nerves branch off the posterior cord?

the axillary and radial nerve

32

which nerve wraps around the surgical neck of the humerus, passing posterior?

axilary nerve

33

what does the axillary nerve innervate?

deltoid and teres minor

34

which nerve branches directly off ventral ramus c5?

dorsal scapular nerve

35

which muscles are innervated by the dorsal scapular nerve?

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rhomboids major and minor and levator scapulae

36

which ventral rami directly form the long thoracic nerve?

c5-c7

37

which nerve innervates serratus anterior?

long thoracic nerve

38

which nerve is sometimes damaged by a masectomy and what is the result?

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the long thoracic nerve; winging of the scapula

39

which nerve branches off the upper trunk?

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suprascapular nerve

40

which muscles does the suprascapular nerve innervate?

supraspinatus and infraspinatus

41

what are the nerves of the upper brachial plexus?

suprascapular, long thoracic, and dorsal scapular

42

what are the pectoral nerves?

medial pectoral nerve and lateral pectoral nerve

43

where do the medial and pectoral nerves branch off of?

the medial pectoral nerve branches off the medial cord and the lateral pectoral nerve branches off the lateral cord

44

which nerve innervates pectoralis minor and half of pectoralis major? which nerve innervates pectoralis major only?

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medial pectoral innervates major and minor; lateral only innervates major

45

name the nerves of the lower brachial plexus

upper subscapular

thoracodorsal

lower subscapular

46

where does the upper subscapular nerve branch from and what does it innervate?

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branches from posterior cord and innervates subscapularis (along with the lower subscapular n)

47

where does lower subscapular nerve branch from and what does it innervate?

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branches from posterior cord and innervates subscapularis and teres major

48

where does thoracodorsal nerve branch from and what does it innervate?

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branches off the posterior cord and ventral rami from c6 - c8

innervates latissmus dorsi

49

draw dermatome vs peripheral nerve map

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