Social Psychology chapter 3

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created 3 years ago by Michelle_Perez
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Social Psychology
Chapter 3
updated 3 years ago by Michelle_Perez
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1

Automatic Thinking

thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, and effortless

2

schemas

mental structures people use to organize their knowledge about the social world around themes or subjects and that influence the information people notice, think about, and remember

3

accessibility

the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront or people's minds and are therefore likely to to be used when making judgments about the social world

4

priming

the process by which recent experiences increase the accessibility of a schema, trait, or concept

5

self-fulfilling prophecy

the case wherein people have an expectation about what another person is like, which influences how they act toward that person, which causes that person to behave consistently with people's original expectations, making the expectation come true

6

Judgmental Heuristics

Mental shortcuts people use to make judgements quickly and efficiently

7

Availability Heuristics

a mental rule of thumb whereby people base a judgment on the ease with which they can bring something to mind

8

Representative Heuristic

a mental shortcut whereby people classify something according to how similar it is to a typical case

9

Base Rate Information

Information about the frequency of members of different categories in the population

10

Analytic Thinking Style

type of thinking in which people focus on the properties of objects without considering their surrounding context; common in western cultures

11

Holistic Thinking Style

type of thinking in which people focus on the overall context, particularly the ways in which objects relate to each other; common in Asian cultures

12

Controlled Thinking

Thinking that is conscious, intentional, voluntary, and effortful

13

Counterfactual Thinking

mentally changing some aspect of the past as a way of imagining what might have been

14

Overconfidence Barrier

The fact that people usually have too much confidence in the accuracy of their judgments.