Cancel
© 2016 Easy Notecards
card-image

Psychotherapy Chapter 10 - Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: +1
show more
1

The founder of rational emotive behavior therapy is:

a. W​illiam Glasser.
b. F​rederick Perls.
c. A​lbert Ellis.
d. J​oseph Wolpe.

c

2

The use of constructive questions, the importance of identifying client imagery and metaphors for change, and an emphasis on client strengths are innovations that formed the foundation of which therapeutic approach?

a. E​xistential
b. C​lient­centered
c. P​sychoanalytic
d. ​Strengths-based cognitive behavioral

d

3

The cognitive behavioral approach to therapy stresses: ​

a. ​ support, understanding, warmth, and empathy.
b. ​ awareness, unfinished business, impasse, and experiencing.
c. ​ thinking, assessing, deciding, analyzing, and doing.
d. ​ subjectivity, existential anxiety, self-actualization, and being.

c

4

The correct components of the A-B-C theory of personality are:

a. ​ antecedent, behavior, consequences.
b. ​ activating events, behaviors, cognitions.
c. ​ antecedent, belief, cognitions.
d. ​ activating event, belief, consequence.

d

5

The four-step model of strengths-based CBT to build resilience include all of the following, except:

a. ​search.
b. c​onstruct.
c. a​pply.
d. d​iscover.

d

6

According to REBT, what is the core of most emotional disturbance?

a. B​lame
b. R​esentment
c. ​Rage
d. U​nfinished business

a

7

The four steps of the strengths-based CBT application of the NEW paradigm for chronic issues and personality disorders include all of the following, except:

a. ​ conceptualize the OLD system of operating and help clients understand they do things "for good reasons."
b. ​ construct NEW systems of how clients would like to be.
c. ​ strengthen the NEW using behavioral experiments to try on NEW ways of being and edit them as needed.
d. ​ strength training.

d

8

Which of the following statements does not reflect one of Ellis’s three basic musts?

a. ​ "I must do well and be loved and approved by others."
b. ​ "Other people must treat me fairly, kindly, and well."
c. ​ "I must be kind to others or else I won’t be a good person."
d. ​ "The world and my living conditions must be comfortable, gratifying, and just, providing me with all that I want in life."

c

9

The main idea of __________ is that active incorporation of client strengths encourages clients to engage more fully in therapy and often provides avenues for change that otherwise would be missed.

a. c​ognitive therapy
b. s​trengths­based CBT
c. G​estalt therapy
d. e​xistential therapy

b

10

The main therapeutic goal of REBT is to:

a. ​ minimize clients' emotional disturbances and self­ defeating behaviors.
b. ​ make the unconscious conscious.
c. ​ assist the client in becoming aware of his or her "being-in-the-world."
d. ​ challenge the client in making both a value judgment and moral decision about the quality of his or her behavior.

a

11

The main function of the rational emotive behavior therapist is to:​

a. ​ become an “existential partner” with the client.
b. ​ create a climate of safety and freedom from threat.
c. ​ reveal irrational disputes, and help clients change their thinking and philosophy of life.
d. ​ encourage the client to experience fully the here-and-now.

c

12

In strengths-based CBT, __________ identified in early therapy sessions can provide a wealth of information to help therapist and client collaboratively integrate strengths into case conceptualization and treatment.​

a. ​ positive interests and weaknesses
b. ​ obstacles and positive interests
c. ​ negative interests and strengths
d. ​ positive interests and strengths

d

13

The role of the client in rational emotive behavior therapy is like that of a:

a. c​o­therapist.
b. p​assive observer.
c. s​tudent or learner.
d. p​artner.

c

14

Who embraces a cognitive narrative perspective on CBT?​

a. A​lbert Ellis
b. D​onald Meichenbaum
c. ​A. T. Beck
d. J​udith Beck

b

15

A feature of REBT that distinguishes it from other cognitive-behavioral therapies is its:​

a. ​ use of the A-B-C theory in analyzing the client.
b. ​ use of behavioral techniques.
c. ​ applicability to group work.
d. ​ process to identify and dispute irrational beliefs that have been acquired and self-constructed and are now maintained by self-indoctrination.

d

16

Beck's cognitive therapy involves all of the concepts below except: a. n​egative cognitive triad. b. g​eneric cognitive model. c. c​ollaborative empiricism. d. l​ifestyle assessment.

d

17

In the strengths-based CBT four step model to build resilience, a key to the fourth stage of therapy is that the client:

a. ​ sets a goal to "be resilient in the face of challenges."
b. ​ avoids exploring possible high-risk stressful situations.
c. ​ learns that a lapse in willpower will have catastrophic results.
d. ​ will undergo hypnosis.

a

18

Which of the following is not one of the three phases of Meichenbaum's stress inoculation program?

a. ​ The application and follow-through phase
b. ​ The conceptual-educational phase
c. ​ The skills acquisition and consolidation phase
d. ​ The therapeutic role modeling phase

d

19

According to Ellis, emotional disturbances often result from:

a. ​ taking oneself too seriously.
b. ​ living by the values our parents gave us.
c. ​ refusing to deal with unfinished business.
d. ​ having learned maladaptive behaviors.

a

20

Strengths-based CBT therapists:​

a. ​ help clients with unresolved issues of the past.
b. ​ attempt to reveal inadequate ego-defense mechanisms.
c. ​ are collaborative, active, here-and-now focused, and client-centered.
d. ​ are behaviorists and less active than most cognitive therapists.

c

21

Strengths-based CBT practitioners ask clients for __________ to describe their experiences, both positive and negative.

a. ​ imagery and dreams
b. ​ imagery and metaphors
c. ​ dreams and metaphors
d. ​ metaphors and insight

b

22

Which of the following REBT techniques helps a client become increasingly proficient at minimizing irrational thinking and disturbances in feeling and behaving?

a. B​iofeedback
b. H​omework
c. D​ream analysis
d. S​kill training

b

23

All of the following are theoretical assumptions of Beck's CT, except:​

a. ​ people's thought processes are accessible to introspection.
b. ​ people's beliefs have highly personal meanings.
c. ​ people must re-experience the past and process their feelings before change can happen.
d. ​ people can discover these meanings themselves rather than being taught or having them interpreted by the therapist.

c

24

The REBT technique that involves having clients vividly imagine one of the worst things that might happen to them and to describe their disturbing feelings is called:​

a. ​ cognitive homework.
b. ​ disputing irrational beliefs.
c. ​ role playing.
d. ​ rational-emotive imagery.

d

25

Which of the following is not true about role playing in REBT?​

a. ​ It is a way of surfacing unfinished business.
b. ​ It involves emotional components.
c. ​ It involves behavioral components.
d. ​ It helps reveal irrational beliefs.

a

26

Which REBT technique involves having the client do the very thing they avoid because of "what people might think?"

a. ​ Role playing
b. ​ Desensitization
c. ​ Cognitive homework
d. ​ Shame-attacking exercises

d

27

All of the following are true as they apply to self-instructional training, except that:

a. ​ it was developed by Meichenbaum.
b. ​ it is a form of cognitive restructuring.
c. ​ it is an outgrowth of an approach used widely by crisis intervention workers called self-induced change therapy.
d. ​ it is also known as cognitive behavior modification.

c

28

Which of the following is not part of the five-step treatment procedure used in a coping skills program? ​

a. ​ Exposing clients to anxiety-provoking situations by means of role playing and imagery
b. ​ Evaluating the anxiety level of the client by using both physiological and psychological tests
c. ​ Teaching clients to become aware of the anxiety-provoking cognitions they experience in stressful situations
d. ​ Helping clients examine their thoughts by reevaluating their self-statements

b

29

__________ are integrated into each phase of treatment in strengths-based CBT beginning with the intake interview. ​

a. S​trengths
b. ​Weaknesses
c. C​lient beliefs
d. C​lient concerns

a

30

In Meichenbaum's cognitive behavior modification, what is given primary importance?

a. ​ Using emotive techniques
b. ​ Collaborative empiricism
c. ​ Automatic thoughts
d. ​ Inner speech

d

31

Stress inoculation training consists of all of the following except:

a. ​ behavioral rehearsals.
b. ​ self-monitoring.
c. ​ cognitive restructuring.
d. ​ tapping into the unconscious realm.

d

32

One strength of cognitive behavioral therapy group counseling is that: ​

a. ​ clients learn to minimize symptoms through a profound change in philosophy.
b. ​ clients can remain relatively emotionally disengaged.
c. ​ leaders take a non-directive stance.
d. ​ leaders believe that insight is necessary for behavior change.

a

33

In cognitive therapy, techniques are designed to:​

a. ​ assist clients in substituting rational beliefs for irrational beliefs.
b. ​ help clients experience their feelings more intensely.
c. ​ assist individuals to dispel self-defeating cognitions and to teach people how to acquire a rational approach to living.
d. ​ enable clients to deal with their existential loneliness.

c

34

The type of cognitive error that involves thinking and interpreting in all-or-nothing terms, or in categorizing experiences in either/or extremes, is known as:​

a. ​ magnification and exaggeration.
b. p​olarized thinking.
c. a​rbitrary inference.
d. o​vergeneralization.

b

35

Beck's cognitive therapy has been most widely applied to the treatment of:​

a. s​tress symptoms.
b. a​nxiety reactions.
c. p​hobias.
d. d​epression.

d

36

The cognitive distortion of making conclusions without supporting and relevant evidence is:​

a. ​ labeling and mislabeling.
b. ​ overgeneralization.
c. ​ arbitrary inferences.
d. ​ selective abstraction.

c

37

The cognitive distortion that consists of forming conclusions based on an isolated detail of an event is: ​

a. ​ labeling and mislabeling.
b. ​ overgeneralization.
c. ​ arbitrary inferences.
d. ​ selective abstraction.

d

38

The process of holding extreme beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applying them inappropriately to dissimilar events or settings is known as:​

a. ​ labeling and mislabeling.
b. ​ overgeneralization.
c. ​ arbitrary inferences.
d. ​ selective abstraction.

b

39

The tendency for individuals to relate external events to themselves, even when there is no basis for making this connection, is known as:​

a. ​ labeling and mislabeling.
b. ​ overgeneralization.
c. ​ arbitrary inferences.
d. ​ personalization.

d

40

The cognitive distortion that involves portraying one’s identity on the basis of imperfections and mistakes made in the past and allowing them to define one’s true identity is:

a. ​ labeling and mislabeling.
b. ​ overgeneralization.
c. ​ arbitrary inferences.
d. ​ personalization.

a

41

true or false

Like cognitive therapy, strengths-based CBT is empirically based.​

true

42

true or false

Ellis claims that his methods are applicable to individual therapy but that his approach does not work well in group therapy.​

false

43

true or false

Bibliotherapeutic approaches have empirical support for the treatment of depression, for a variety of anxiety disorders, and for a range of clinical problems.​

true

44

true or false

Cognitive behavioral group therapy stresses the importance of homework outside of the therapy session.​

true

45

true or false

Strengths­based CBT is a variant of Albert Ellis’ REBT.​

false

46

true or false

Donald Meichenbaum’s cognitive behavior modification shares with REBT and Beck’s cognitive therapy the assumption that distressing emotions are often the result of maladaptive thoughts.

true

47

true or false

According to Ellis, events themselves do not cause emotional disturbances; rather it is our evaluation of these events that causes the problem.​

true

48

true or false

REBT hypothesizes that we keep ourselves emotionally disturbed by the process of self-indoctrination.​

true

49

true or false

One of Beck’s early contributions was to recognize that regardless of the cause of depression, once people became depressed, their thinking reflected what Beck referred to as the negative cognitive triad: negative views of the self, the world, and the future.​

true

50

true or false

There is not a very good fit between cognitive behavior therapy and multicultural therapy.​

false

51

true or false

Part of Ellis’s motivation for developing REBT was to deal with his own problems.​

true

52

true or false

The cognitive behavioral therapies are largely based on the idea that the reorganization of clients’ self­statements is a key to changing their behavior.​

true

53

true or false

There is no concept in REBT that in any way agrees with Rogers’s idea of unconditional positive regard.​

false

54

true or false

Rational emotive imagery involves behavior change only.​

false

55

true or false

Cognitive therapy can be effectively employed in crisis intervention.​

true

56

true or false

During strengths-based CBT therapy, clients often discover that they use less resilient strategies when they encounter obstacles in areas of positive interest than they do in problem areas of their life.​

false

57

true or false

Beck’s therapeutic approach originally focused on specific symptoms of depressed clients and the reasons they give for these symptoms.​

true

58

true or false

Since humor shows the absurdity of certain ideas that clients steadfastly maintain, it is always inappropriate to use in sessions as it might be perceived as offensive.​

false

59

true or false

Stress inoculation is a coping­ skills approach designed to change a person’s self­ statements.​

true

60

true or false

Clients learn that “musts,” “oughts,” and absolute “shoulds” can be replaced by preferences in REBT.​

true

61

true or false

Donald Meichenbaum’s cognitive behavior modification focuses on changing a client’s self­talk.​

true

62

true or false

All of the cognitive behavioral approaches share the same basic characteristics and assumptions as traditional behavior therapy.​

true

63

true or false

In family therapy contexts, cognitive behavior therapists are particularly interested in family schema.

true

64

true or false

According to Beck, selective abstraction is clients taking all the details of an event and using this information to reinforce negative schemas and support their maladaptive core beliefs.​

false

65

true or false

Magnification and minimization consist of perceiving a case or situation in a greater or lesser light than it truly deserves.​

true

66

true or false

A goal of REBT is to assist clients in the process of achieving conditional self-acceptance, conditional other-acceptance, and conditional life-acceptance.​

false

67

true or false

Meichenbaum’s self‐instructional training focuses on helping clients become aware of their self‐talk and the stories they tell about themselves.​

true

68

true or false

According to the generic cognitive model, our beliefs do not play a major role in determining what type of psychological distress we will experience.​

false

69

true or false

Psychoeducational methods include materials such as books, DVDs, and articles.​

true

70

true or false

Collaborative empiricism involves a cognitive therapist’s collaboration with colleagues on a client’s case.​

false