Cancel
© 2016 Easy Notecards
card-image

Patho Midterm Review

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: 0
show more
1

Musculoskeletal System

gives body shape, protects vital internal organs, and provides for body movement

2

Respiratory system

move oxygen into bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide from the bloodstream

3

Cardiovascular/Circulatory System

transport vital nutrients throughout the body, remove metabolic waste, and regulate body temperature.

4

Nervous System

controls all basic bodily functions

5

Endocrine System

Produces hormones to help chemically regulate the body

6

pernicious anemia

An inadequate amount of vitamin B12 for red blood cell production

7

Erythroblastosis fetalis

the mother has Rh– blood and the fetus has Rh+ blood

8

varicose veins

Weakening of arterial walls as a result of aging can result in weakening of venous valves

9

Arteriosclerosis

the thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries, occurring typically in old age.

10

leukemia

disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes.

11

Myocardial Infarction

Blockage of coronary arteries

12

Stress Test

ECG during exercise

13

Echocardiogram

Use of sound waves to visualize the shape or defects of the heart

14

Angina pectoris

Spasm of coronary arteries

15

Myalgia

Strained or injured muscle

16

tidal volume

The volume of gas inspired or expired in a normal respiratory cycle

17

residual volume

The volume of gas remaining in the lungs after a maximum expiration

18

total lung capacity

The total amount of gas in the lungs after a maximum inspiration

19

Vital capacity

The total amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled after the deepest inhalation possible

20

inspiratory capacity

The maximum volume of air that can be inhaled following exhalation of the resting tidal volume

21

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)

A condition associated with premature babies who lack surfactant.

22

Pulmonary fibrosis

Caused by breathing coal dust

23

Influenza

Caused by a virus and lasts 5–10 days

24

Asthma

Inflammation that causes obstruction of the bronchial tree

25

TB

Respiratory disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis

26

COPD

When airflow to lungs is limited and the alveoli are destroyed

27

Legionnaire's disease

Acute type of pneumonia caused by bacteria found in air conditioning systems

28

Pneumothorax

A collection of air in the chest around the lungs

29

Pulmonary edema

Occurs when heart function declines and fluid fills spaces of the lungs

30

Pulmonary embolism

Causes a blocked artery in the lungs

31

strep throat

Caused by Streptococci

32

botulism and tetanus

Caused by Bacilli

33

syphilis

Caused by Spirilla

34

cholera

Caused by Vibrios

35

Trichinosis

Caused by parasite

36

hyperplasia

An increase in the number of cells in an organ

37

Metaplasia

the change of one adult cell type to another.

38

dysplasia

Disordered growth and maturation of cells

39

Neoplasia

the new and abnormal development of cells.

40

Thrombosis

the formation of a clot within a blood vessel

41

Atrophy

the reduction in the size of an organ