Patho Midterm Review
gives body shape, protects vital internal organs, and provides for body movement
move oxygen into bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide from the bloodstream
transport vital nutrients throughout the body, remove metabolic waste, and regulate body temperature.
controls all basic bodily functions
Produces hormones to help chemically regulate the body
An inadequate amount of vitamin B12 for red blood cell production
the mother has Rh– blood and the fetus has Rh+ blood
Weakening of arterial walls as a result of aging can result in weakening of venous valves
the thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries, occurring typically in old age.
disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes.
Blockage of coronary arteries
ECG during exercise
Use of sound waves to visualize the shape or defects of the heart
Spasm of coronary arteries
Strained or injured muscle
The volume of gas inspired or expired in a normal respiratory cycle
The volume of gas remaining in the lungs after a maximum expiration
total lung capacity
The total amount of gas in the lungs after a maximum inspiration
The total amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled after the deepest inhalation possible
The maximum volume of air that can be inhaled following exhalation of the resting tidal volume
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
A condition associated with premature babies who lack surfactant.
Caused by breathing coal dust
Caused by a virus and lasts 5–10 days
Inflammation that causes obstruction of the bronchial tree
Respiratory disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis
When airflow to lungs is limited and the alveoli are destroyed
Acute type of pneumonia caused by bacteria found in air conditioning systems
A collection of air in the chest around the lungs
Occurs when heart function declines and fluid fills spaces of the lungs
Causes a blocked artery in the lungs
Caused by Streptococci
botulism and tetanus
Caused by Bacilli
Caused by Spirilla
Caused by Vibrios
Caused by parasite
An increase in the number of cells in an organ
the change of one adult cell type to another.
Disordered growth and maturation of cells
the new and abnormal development of cells.
the formation of a clot within a blood vessel
the reduction in the size of an organ