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(Unit 1) Government-5th Grade

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created 5 years ago by mgort
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updated 5 years ago by mgort

Grade levels:
5th grade

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1

government

a system of laws and leaders that helps keep people safe and protects their rights

2

popular sovereignty

the power and authority of the government comes from the people

3

constitution

the highest law of our land and the document that describes how our government is organized

4

preamble

the introduction to our constitution

5

laws

statements that define how citizens should behave

6

rule of law

the principle that everybody, including government officials, must obey the laws

7

separations of powers

power is separated, or divided, among three branches of government

8

branches of government

the three different sections of government

9

legislative branch

the branch of government that makes laws

10

executive branch

the branch of government that enforces laws

11

judicial branch

the branch of government that decides what laws mean

12

articles

parts of the constitution

13

checks and balances

the way in which the different branches of government keep each other from having too much power

14

veto

when the president turns down a bill or refuses to sign it into law

15

override

when congress votes to cancel a president's veto

16

limited government

the government can only do what the people have given it the power to do

17

federalism

power is divided between the federal government and state government

18

federal government

the government of our country

19

state government

the government is centered in Lansing, Michigan

20

individual rights

things an individual person is entitled to have or to do

21

amendment

a change, or addition, to the constitution

22

bill of rights

the first ten amendments, or additions, to the constitution which give people important rights such as freedom of speech