Endrocrine Chart- A & P II

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 years ago by nikileigh66
3,109 views
Exam 1
updated 7 years ago by nikileigh66
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Glands: Adrenal GLANDS

Produced by #1 Adrenal Cortex

Hormone: 3

Glucocorticoids (cortisol,corticosterone)[HORMONAL]

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: ATCH
TARGET ORGAN: Liver, muscle
EFFECTS: Break down glucose and make glucose

Androgens (testosterone)[HORMONAL]

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: ACTH
TARGET ORGAN: BONE, MUSCLE
EFFECTS: ^ increase muscle mass, ^ bone density

Mineralcorticoid (aldosterone)[HUMORAL]-

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE:LOW Na+, High K+, low BP
TARGET ORGAN: Kidneys
EFFECTS: Retain Na+, H2O, Excrete K+

3 ABOVE All steroids and Lipid soluable

Produced by #2 Adrenal Medulla

Hormone: 2

Epinephrine

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Stimulated during sympathetic activation by sympathetic preganglion fiber. Release of ACH Acetylocholine
TARGET ORGANS: Most cells
EFFECTS: Enhance the effects of sympathetic division of ANS during stress, BP, glycogen breakdown, blood glucose levels

Norepinephrine:

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Same as Epinephrine
TARGET ORGAN:Same as Epinephrine
EFFECTS:Same as Epinephrine

2 ABOVE: AMINES,WATER SOLUABLE, AND NEURAL

2

Adrenal Glands has two type?

Adrenal cortex and Adrenal medulla

3

What are the hormones of the Adrenal Cortex?

Chemical type?

Solubility?

And trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organs?

Hormone: 3

Glucocorticoids (cortisol,corticosterone)[HORMONAL]

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: ACTH
TARGET ORGAN: Liver, muscle
EFFECTS: Break down glucose and make glucose

Androgens (testosterone)[HORMONAL]

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: ACTH
TARGET ORGAN: BONE, MUSCLE
EFFECTS: ^ increase muscle mass, ^ bone density

Mineralcorticoid (aldosterone)[HUMORAL]-

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE:LOW Na+, High K+, low BP
TARGET ORGAN: Kidneys
EFFECTS: Retain Na+, H2O, Excrete K+

3 ABOVE All steroids and Lipid soluable

4

What are the hormones of the Adrenal Medulla?

Chemical type?

Solubility?

And trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organs?

Epinephrine

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Stimulated during sympathetic activation by sympathetic preganglion fiber. Release of ACH Acetylocholine

TARGET ORGANS: Most cells

EFFECTS: Enhance the effects of sympathetic division of ANS during stress, BP, glycogen breakdown, blood glucose levels

Norepinephrine:

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Same as Epinephrine
TARGET ORGAN:Same as Epinephrine
EFFECTS:Same as Epinephrine

2 ABOVE: AMINES,WATER SOLUABLE, AND NEURAL

5

Gland: Angiotensin ll

Hormone?

Chemical type?

Solubility?

Effects?

Hormone: Prohormone

CHEMICAL TYPE: PEPTIDE

SOLUBILITY: Water Soluable

Study Later

EFFECTS: BP

6

Gland: Hypothalamus

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Hormone? TRH

Chmical type? Peptide

Solubility? Water Soluable

Trigger type? Hormonal

Trigger for release? Low T3 & T4

Target organ? Pituitary

Effects? ^ increase TSH release and anterior pituitary

7

What kind of Solubility in 4 of the hormones are in the Adrenal Cortex?

And chemical type in all four?

Lipid soluable and steroids

8

In the Adrenal glands produced by the Adrenal Medulla are?

Amines , Water soluable and Neural

9

Tigger for release ? Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

Target Organs?

Effects?

Stimulated during sympathetic activation by the sympathetic preganglion fiber, Release of acetycholine (ACH)

Target organs? Most cells

EFFECTS: Enhance the effects of sympathetic division of ANS during stress, BP, glycogen breakdown, blood glucose levels

10

Organ: Pancreas

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Hormone 2, Insulin and Glucagon

For Insulin and Glucagon

Both Peptide, water soluable and are Humural

Insulin

Trigger for release? ^ High Blood glucose

Target organ? Most cells

Effects? Stimulates cellular uptake of glucose & formation of glycogen and fat

Glucagon

Trigger for release? Low Blood glucose

Effects? Stimulates ccellular hydrolysis of glycogen.

11

What are the hormones in the Pancreas?

Insulin and Glucagon

12

Insulin and Glucagon are?

both Peptides, Humural and Water soluable

13

Gland: Pituitary

Produced by?

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Produced by Anterior Lobe and Posterior Lobe

Both Posterior Lobe and Anterior Lobe :
are PEPTIDES, WATER SOLUABLE, AND HORMONAL

HORMONE: Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE:GnRH

TARGET ORGANS: Gonands

EFFECTS:

Females: Initiates development of oocytes & induces ovarian secretion of estrogen.

Males: Stimulates testes to produce sperm

HORMONE: Lutenizing Hormone (LH)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: GnRH

TARGET ORGANS: Gonands

EFFECTS:

Females: Stimulates secretion of estrogens and progesterone. Ovulation and Formation of corputus luteus.

Males: Stimulates testes to produce testosterone.

HORMONE: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: CRM comes from hypothalamus

TARGET ORGANS: Adrenal Cortex

EFFECTS: Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids by adrenal cortex.

HORMONE: Thyroid stimulating hormone

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Thyroid releasing hormone

TARGET ORGANS: Thyroid gland

EFFECTS: Stimulates syntheis and secretion of thyroid hormones of thyroid gland.

HORMONE: Growth Hormone (GH)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Hypothalamus

TARGET ORGANS: Liver and whole body

EFFECTS:Stimulates liver, muscle, cartilage, and other tissues to synthesize and secrete insulin- like growth factors, promote growth of body cells protein syntheis, tissue repair, lipolysis, and elevation of blood glucose.

HORMONE: Melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: Melanocyte hormone

TARGET ORGANS: Skin

EFFECTS: can cause darkening of skin

HORMONE: Prolactin (PRL)

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE:Pituitary prolactin

TARGET ORGANS: Mammary glands

EFFECTS: Milk secretion

Produced by: Posterior Lobe ( hormones : Oxytocin and Antidiuretic)

HORMONE: Oxytocin

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE:Contractions from uterus, suckling of infant. Males: prostate glands

TARGET ORGANS:

Women: uterus, mammary glands, smooth muscle

Men: Prostate

EFFECTS: Stimulates contraction of smooth muscle of uterous during childbirth, and contract epithelial cells in mammary glands to cause milk ejection.

HORMONE:Antidiuretic/ Vasopressin

TRIGGER FOR RELEASE: ADH triggered by low plasma water levels

TARGET ORGANS: KIDNEYS, srterioles, sweat glands

EFFECTS:CONSERVES BODY WATER BY DECREASING URINE VOLUME, DECREASE WATER LOSS THROUGH PERPIRATION, RAISES BLOOD PRESSURE BY CONSTRICTING arterioles.

14

Gland: Pineal Gland

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Hormone? Melatonin

Chmical type? Amines

Solubility? Water soluable

Trigger type? Neural

Trigger for release? Roof of 3rd ventricle

Target organ? Thalamus

Effects? Wake up pattern

15

Glands? Parathyroid gland

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Hormone? parathyroid hormone

Chmical type? Peptide

Solubility? Water soluable

Trigger type? Humoral

Trigger for release? Top thyroid

Target organ? Kidneys

Effects? maintain blood calcium levels

16

Gland? Thymus Gland

Hormone? Thymosins

Chmical type? Peptide

Solubility? Water soluable

Trigger type? Humoral

Trigger for release? Mediastinum

Target organ? t- cells

Effect? Coordinate & regulate immune response/ promote maturation of T- lymphocytes.

17

Gland? Thyroid Gland

Hormone?

Chmical type?

Solubility?

Trigger type?

Trigger for release?

Target organ?

Effects?

Hormone? (3) Triiodothyronine T3.
Thyroxine T4 and
Calcitonin

Hormone: Triiodothyronine T3

Chemical type? Thyroid hormone

Solubility? Lipid soluable

Trigger type? Hormonal

Trigger for release? all thyroid gland

Target organ? kidney and liver

Effects? ^ increase BMR

Hormone? Thyroxine T4

Chmical type? Thyroid hormone

Solubility? lipid soluable

Trigger type? Hormonal

Trigger for release? thyroid gland

Target organ? kidney and liver

Effects? ^ increase BM

Hormone? Calcitonin

Chmical type? peptide

Solubility? water soluable

Trigger type? HUMORAL

Trigger for release? Thyroid gland

Target organ? Bone and Kidney

Effects? Lowers levels of calcium and phosphorus by inhibiting bone resorption.

18

All steroids are? Solubility?

Lipid soluable

19

All Amines are? Solubility?

water soluable

20

All peptides are? Solubility?

water soluable

21

All thyroid hormones are ? Solubility

Lipid soluable

22

All thyroid hormones are? Trigger type

Hormonal- Tigger type

23

In all of the hormones of the Thyroid gland the trigger for release is?

Thyroid glands

24

In the thyroid gland 2 of the three hormones have what in common?

Triiodothyronine and Thyroxine

Target organs: Liver and kidneys

The effects: Increase BMR

25

In the hormone Calcitonin the target organs are?

Bone and Kidneys

26

What is the effect of Calcitonin?

Lowers levels of calcium & phosphorus by inhibiting bone reporption.

27

All glands in the Adrenal cortex and two hormones in the thyrold gland ( T3 and T4) are what type of solubility?

Lipid Soluable