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Exercise 15: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System

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created 2 years ago by jncanf
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pg. 227 - pg. 234

updated 2 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    gluteus maximus
    location of muscle relative to a bone or body region; relative size of muscle
  • 2
    adductor magnus
    action of the muscle; relative size of muscle
  • 3
    biceps femoris
    number of origins; location of muscle relative to a bone or body region
  • 4
    transversus abdominis
    location of muscle relative to a bone or body region; direction in which the muscle fibers run relative to some imaginary line
  • 5
    extensor carpi ulnaris
    action of muscle; location of the origin and or insertion of the muscle; location of muscle relative to bone or body region
  • 6
    trapezius
    shape of muscle
  • 7
    rectus femoris
    location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region; direction in which the muscle fibers run relative to some imaginary line
  • 8
    external oblique
    location of the muscle reltive to a bone or body region; direction in which the muscle fibers run relative to some imaginary line
  • 9
    prime mover (agonist)
    term for the biceps brachii during elbow flexion
  • 10
    synergist
    term that describes relation of brachialis to biceps brachii during elbow flexion
  • 11
    antagonist
    term for the triceps brachii during elbow flexion
  • 12
    antagonist
    term for iliopsoas during hip extension
  • 13
    prime mover (agonist)
    term for the gluteus maximus during hip extension when walking up the stairs
  • 14
    fixator
    terms for the rotator cuff muscles and deltoid when the elbow is flexed and the hand grabs a tabletop to lift the table
  • 15
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    START FROM LEFT SIDE AND GO DOWN, THEN START ON THE UPPER RIGHT SIDE AND GO DOWN.

    B. CORRUGATOR SUPERCILII
    J. ORBICULARIS OCULI
    G. LEVATOR LABII SUPERIORIS
    N. ZYGOMATICUS MAJOR AND MINOR
    A. BUCCINATOR
    K. ORBICULARIS ORIS
    I. MENTALIS
    D. DEPRESSOR LABII INFERIORIS
    C. DEPRESSOR ANGULI ORIS
    L. PLATYSMA

    RIGHT:
    E. EPICRANIUS (FRONTAL BELLY)
    F. EPICRANIUS (OCCIPITAL BELLY)
    H. MASSETER
    M. TRAPEZIUS
  • 16
    zygomaticus
    used in smiling
  • 17
    buccinator
    used to suck in your cheeks
  • 18
    Orbicularis Oculi
    Used in blinking and squinting (closes eye)
  • 19
    Depressor Anguli Oris Muscle and Mentalis Muscle
    used to pout (pulls the corners of the mouth downward)
  • 20
    epicranius (frontal belly)
    raises your eyebrows for a questioning expression
  • 21
    corrugator supercilii
    used to form the vertical frown crease on your forehead
  • 22
    orbicularis oris
    your "kisser"
  • 23
    masseter
    prime mover to raise the mandible
  • 24
    platysma
    tenses skin of the neck during shaving
  • 25
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    FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:

    M. SUBSCAPULARIS
    C. DELTOID (CUT)
    I. PECTORALIS MINOR
    L. SERRATUS ANTERIOR
    A. BICEPS BRACHII
    E. EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
    B. BRACHIALIS
  • 26
    rectus abdominus
    a major spine flexor
  • 27
    latissimus dorsi
    prime mover for arm extension
  • 28
    pectoralis major
    prime mover for arm flexion
  • 29
    external oblique, internal oblique, transverse abdominus, rectus abdominus
    assume major responsibility for forming the abdominal girdle
  • 30
    deltoid
    prime mover of shoulder abduction
  • 31
    latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major
    important in shoulder adduction; antagonists of the shoulder abductor
  • 32
    serratus anterior
    moves the scapula forward and rotates scapula upwards
  • 33
    external intercostals
    small, inspiratory muscles between the ribs; elevate the ribs
  • 34
    trapezius
    extends the head
  • 35
    rhomboids
    pull the scapula medially
  • 36
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    FROM LEFT TOP TO BOTTOM, THEN RIGHT TOP TO BOTTOM:

    LEFT:

    A. BICEPS BRACHII
    L. PRONATOR TERES
    C. BRACHIORADIALIS
    D. EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS
    I. FLEXOR POLLICIS LONGUS
    K. PRONATOR QUADRATUS

    RIGHT:

    N. TRICEPS BRACHII
    B. BRACHIALIS
    F. FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS
    J. PALMARIS LONGUS
    G. FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
    H. FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS
  • 37
    biceps brachii
    flexes the forearm and supinates the hand
  • 38
    supinator
    synerhist for supination of hand
  • 39
    brachialis; brachioradialis
    forearm flexors; no role in supination
  • 40
    triceps brachii
    elbow extensor
  • 41
    flexor carpi radialis
    power wrist flexor and abductor
  • 42
    flexor digitorum superficialis
    flexes wrist and middle phalanges
  • 43
    pronator quadratus, pronator teres
    pronates the hand
  • 44
    flexor pollicis longus
    flexes the thumb
  • 45
    extensor carpi radialis longus
    extends and abducts the wrist
  • 46
    extensor digitorum
    extends the wrist and digits
  • 47
    palmaris longus
    flat muscle that is a weak wrist flexor; tenses skin of the palm
  • 48
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    LEFT FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:

    B. BICEPS FEMORIS
    G. GASTROCNEMIUS
    E. FIBULARIS LONGUS
    M. SOLEUS
    D. FIBULARIS BREVIS
    F. FLEXOR HALLUCIS LONGUS

    RIGHT FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:

    J. RECTUS FEMORIS
    C. EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUS
    O. TIBIALIS ANTERIOR
  • 49
    flexor hallucis longus
    flexes the great toe and inverts the foot
  • 50
    fibularis brevis, fibularis longus
    lateral compartment muscles that plantar flex and evert the foot
  • 51
    gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae
    abduct the thigh to take the "at ease" stance
  • 52
    gluteus maximus
    used to extend the hip when climbing stairs
  • 53
    gastrocnemius, soleus
    prime movers of plantar flexion of the foot
  • 54
    tibialis posterior
    prime mover of inversion of the foot
  • 55
    tibialis anterior
    prime mover of dorsiflexion of the foot
  • 56
    adductor group
    adduct the thigh, as when standing at attention
  • 57
    extensor digitorum longus
    extends the toes
  • 58
    biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitendinosus
    entend thigh and flex knee
  • 59
    rectus femoris
    extends knee and flexes thigh
  • 60
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    11
    A. TEMPORALIS
    B. MASSETER
    C. PLATYSMA
    D. TRAPEZIUS
    E. DELTOID

    U. FRONTALIS
    V. ORBICULARIS OCULI
    W. ZYGOMATICUS MAJOR
    Y. STERNOTHYROID
    Z. STERNOCLEIDO-MASTOID
  • 61
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    11
    AA - PECTORALIS MAJOR
    BB - SERRATUS ANTERIOR
    CC - LATISSIMUS DORSI
    DD - RECTUS ABDOMINIS
    EE - EXTERNAL ABDOMINAL OBLIQUE
    FF - INTERNAL ABDOMINAL OBLIQUE
    GG - TARASVERSUS ABDOMINIS

    F - BRACHOALIS
    G - BICEPS BRACHII
    H - PRONATOR TERES
    I - BRACHIORADIALIS
    J - FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS
    K - PALMARIS LONGUS
    L - FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
  • 62
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    11
    M - ILIOPSAS
    N - PECTINEUS
    O - RECTUS FEMORIS
    P - VASTUS LATERALIS
    Q - VASTUS MEDIALIS

    HH- TENSOR FASCIAE LATAE
    II - SARTORIUS
    JJ - ADDUCTOR LONGUS
    KK - GRACILIS
  • 63
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    11
    R - PERONEUS LONGUS
    S - EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUS
    T - TABIALIS ANTERIOR

    LL - GASTROCNEMIUS
    MM - SOLEUS
  • 64
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    12
    J - OCCIPITALIS
    K - STERNOCLOIDOMASTOID
    L - TRAPEZIUS
    M - DELTOID
  • 65
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    12
    A. TRICEPS BRACHII
    B. BRACHIALIS
    C. BRACHIORADIALIS
    D. EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS
    E. FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
    F. EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS
    G. EXTENSOR DIGITORUM

    N - TERES MINOR
    O - TERES MAJOR
    P - LATISSIMUS DORSI
    Q- EXTERNAL ABDOMINAL OBLIQUE
    R - GLUTEUS MEDIUS
  • 66
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    12
    H - ILIOTIBIAL TRACT
    I - GASTROCNEMIUS

    S- GLUTEUS MAXIMUS
    T - ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
    U - BICEPS FEMORIS
    V - GRACILIS
    W - SEMITENDINOSUS
    X - SEMIMEMBRANOSUS
  • 67
    What are the 4 muscles commonly used for intramuscular injections?
    Deltoid, Vastus Lateralis, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Maximus
  • 68
    Quadriceps
    The insertion tendon of the ____ group contains a large sesamoid bone, the patella.
  • 69
    calcanal
    The triceps surae insert in common into the ____ tendon.
  • 70
    mediala proximal
    The bulk of the tissue of a muscle tends to lie ______ to the part of the body it causes to move.
  • 71
    forearm
    The extrinsic muscles of the hand originate on the ______
  • 72
    anterior
    Most flexor muscles are located on the _____ aspect of the body;
  • 73
    posteria
    most extensors are located ______
  • 74
    knee
    An exception to this generalization is the extensor-flexor musculature of the ____