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Unit #7- A New Nation

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1

Loyalists

colonists who remained loyal to the king

2

Sovereign

administering its own government and not dependent on another power

3

Articles of Confederation

our fist plan of government

4

Confederation

an alliance; a group of independent organizations that work together

5

Government by Consent

people have to agree to be governed

6

Republic

a government not led by a hereditary rule, but where people hold the power of government and choose leaders to make decisions

7

Constitution

the highest law of our land and the document that describes how our government is organized

8

Compromise

an agreement where each side gives up a little

9

Senate

one of the two parts of Congress and each state is allowed two members

10

House of Representatives

one of the two parts of Congress and the number is determined by the population of a state

11

Abolition

the ending of a system or practice

12

Federalism

power is divided between the federal government and state governments

13

Ratify

to approve

14

Federalists

people who supported the Constitution and favored a stronger national government

15

Anti-Federalists

people who opposed the Constitution because they felt it created a national government that was too strong

16

Bill of Rights

the first ten amendments, or additions, to the Constitution which gave people important rights such as freedom of speech

17

Quarter

to provide shelter and supplies to soldiers

18

Popular Sovereignty

the power and authority of the government comes from the people

19

Public Issue

a problem that affects many, many people

20

Definitional Issue

words related to a public issue that have different definitions, or meanings

21

Factual Issue

facts that are connected to a public issue

22

Core Democratic Values

ideals and beliefs that people in America have in common and upon which our country is based