The Spleen workbook exercise 5&6

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1

Lymphoid

The spleen is part of the reticuloendothelial system and is the largest single mass of ____ tissue in the body.

2

Intraperitoneal

The spleen is a(n) ____ organ, covered with peritoneum over its entire extent except for a small area at the hilum, where the vascular structures and lymph nodes are located.

3

Upper; inferior

The spleen is normally measured with ultrasound on a longitudinal image from the ___ margin to the ___ margin at the long axis.

4

Splenic Agenesis

_____ ____ may occur as part of asplenic or polysplenia syndromes in association with complex cardiac malformations, bronchopulmonary abnormalities, or visceral heterotaxis.

5

Accessory Spleen

A(n) _____ ____ is usually found near the hilum or inferior border of the spleen but has been reported elsewhere in the abdominal cavity.

6

Hematocrit

The _____ indicates the percentage of red blood cells per volume of blood.

7

Sepsis

The term ____ indicates bacteria in the bloodstream.

8

Leukocytosis

The increase in the number of blood cells present in the blood that is a typical finding of infection is called ____.

9

Low-level echo pattern

Sonographically the splenic parenchyma should have a fine homogeneous ______, as is seen within the liver parenchyma.

10

Right

Systemic venous congestion is found in cardiac decompensation involving the ____ side of the heart.

11

Sickle Cell Anemia

In infants and children in crisis, the earlier stage of ____, the spleen is enlarged with marked congestion of the red pulp.

12

Candidiasis

Patients with hepatosplenic ____ may show irregular masses within the spleen, the "wheels within-wheels" pattern, with the outer wheel representing the ring of fibrosis surrounding the inner echogenic wheel of inflammatory cells and a central hypoechoic area.

13

Hematoma; subcapsular

If the patient has severe left upper quadrant pain secondary to trauma, a splenic ____ or a(n) ____ hematoma should be considered.