Self assessment 7
The hydrolysis of ATP that often occurs simultaneously with the synthesis of many compounds is an example of
How soon would death occur from starvation if the body was unable to shift to a state of ketosis?
Within 3 weeks
Your roommate Demetrius is participating in a weightlifting course & complains of a burning pain during workouts. You explain to Demetrius that the rapid breakdown of glucose in his muscles produces large amounts of pyruvate, which leads to a fall in pH within the muscle & that the muscle responds by converting excess pyruvate to
Which of the following is a consequence of alcohol intake?
Antidiuretic hormone production is suppressed
Bing drinking is defined as the successive consumption of
When energy-yielding nutrients are consumed in excess, which one(s) can lead to storage of fat?
Fat, carbohydrate & protein
Which of the following is a possible fate of acetyl CoA?
Synthesis to fatty acids
Which of the following is not a possible fate of metabolized glucose?
Which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average-sized man?
Up to 2 drinks
Glycolysis is the conversion of
glucose to pyruvate.
What organ is first to absorb alcohol after a person takes a drink?
How are ketones formed?
Condensation of actyl CoA molecules
Of the total amount of carbohydrate energy consumed by the body, approximately what percentage is used by the brain & nerve cells?
Which of the following can be synthesized from all three energy-yielding nutrients?
The formation of glycogen by the liver cell is an example of
A typical cell contains "powerhouses," which is another name for the
Adverse side effects of typical low-carbohydrate diets include all of the following except
high blood pressure.
The Cori cycle involves the interconversion of
lactate & glucose.
What is the approximate percent effciency of conversion of food energy to ATP energy in the body?
Approximately how many kcal are contained n 3 ounces of 80-proof rum?
Which of the following is a characteristic of alcohol use?
Ingestion of alcohol cools the body
Which of the following is an example of a catabolic reaction?
Urea formation from an amino acid
What tem is specific to reactions in which simple compounds are combined into more complex molecules?
Approximately what percentage of the weight of triglycerides cannot be converted to glucose?
Approximately what percentage of the body's energy expenditure is furnished by amino acids?
10 to 15
In the adult body, food energy not stored as fat or glycogen is lost as
A feature of ketosis is that it
occurs when fats are partially oxidized.
An immediate consequence of a cellular deficiency of oxaloacetate is a slowing of
the TCA cycle.
Which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average-sized women?
Up to 1 drink
In triglyceride that contains 54 carbon atoms, how many can become part of glucose?
The series of reactions involving the conversion of glucose to pyruvate is known as
An aerobic reaction is one that requires
All of the following are features of the metabolism of surplus dietary carbohydrate in human beings except
excess glucose is oxidized only very slowly.
Which of the following dietary components cannot be used to synthesize & store glycogen?
Which of the following can not be formed from acetyl CoA molecules?
Which of the following outlines the overall sequence of events in the complete oxidation of glucose?
Glycolysis, TCA cycle, electron transport chain
Which of the following dietary nutrients would most rapidly reverse a state of ketosis in a starving person?
With alcohol beverages, the ratio of proof to alcohol percentage is
The chemical structure of ethanol consists of
2 carbon & 1 hydroxyl group.
Which of the following leads to the production of urea?
Oxidation of amino acids