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Self-assessment 3

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created 5 years ago by dezziwhite
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updated 5 years ago by dezziwhite

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1

What is/are the primary target organs(s) for the action of cholecystokinin?

gallbladdder and pancreas

2

Jenny has just has undergone a cholecystectomy. After recovery, Jenny will no longer

have an extra reservoir for bile.

3

Colonic irrigation is a popular practice for treatment of

constipation

4

Which of the following is a characteristic of the appendix?

it stores lymph cells

5

Which of the following results from reverse peristalsis?

vomiting

6

After chewing and swallowing a portion of food, what becomes of the salivary amylase in the stomach?

it is inactivated by gastric juice

7

The chief purpose of the gallbladder is to store a substance that is required for the assimilation of dietary

fats only

8

Jim went for his annual medical check-up and was diagnosed with heartburn. Which of the following actions is most likely causing jim's condition?

defective lower esophageal activity

9

The primary treatment for ulcer caused by the presence of H.pylori is

Antibiotics

10

What is the function of mucus in the stomach?

protects stomach cells from gastric juices

11

After swallowing, in what order does food pass through the regions of the GI tract?

stomach,duodenum,jejunum,ileum,colon

12

A bolus is conducted past the diaphragm through the

esophagus

13

The most common cause for the development of ulcers is

infection from H.pylori

14

What are lacteals?

intestinal lymphatic vessels

15

WHat is a function of hydrochloric acid in the stomach?

creates an optimum acidity

16

The organism H.pylori has been identified as one of the major causes of

gastric ulcers

17

An example of an important function of the colon would be its absorption of

salts

18

Which of the following is a function of sphincter muscles?

control the passage of food through the GI tract

19

What is mastication?

the act of chewing

20

Untreated gastroesophageal reflux increases the risk for the more serious condition known as

Barrett's esophagus

21

The living bacteria found in yogurt are known as

probiotics

22

Which of the following is a significant property of dietary fiber?

promotes water retention of stools

23

What types of enzymes are responsible for hydrolyzing the proteins in foods?

proteases

24

A peptic ulcer resides in the

stomach or duodenum only

25

After the pancreatic juices have mixed with chyme in the small intestine, which of the following describes the pH of the resulting mixture?

Approximately neutral

26

What is the very first thing you should do if you suspect someone is choking on food?

Ask the person to make sounds from the throat

27

Which of the following is an important function of the instestinal villi crypts?

secretation of juices into the small instestine

28

What is the function of bile?

emulsifies

29

Into what region of the intestinal tract does the stomach empty?

duodenum

30

Which of the following is a feature of the lymphatic system?

It carries fats away from the instestines

31

During the process of digestion, at what point does the stomach begin to release chyme?

When the chyme is liquefied

32

What is the first vessel to recieve absorbed water-soluble vitmains?

hepatic portal vein

33

Which of the following are found on the microvilli and function to break apart small nutrients into the final products of digestion?

Enzymes

34

A person on a low-fiber diet is at increased risk for experiencing elevated rectal vein pressure leading to formation of

hemorrhoids

35

important functions of hydrochloric acid in digestion/absorption includes all of the following EXCEPT

it activates pancreatic lipase

36

A decrease in the flow of blood to the intestines is known as

Intestinal ischemia

37

Which of the following is a characteristic of pancreatic digestive enzyme function?

The pancreas can increase the activity of fat-degrading enzymes in response to more fat in the diet

38

All of the following are important issues in the treatment or management of existing ulcers except

Gastric acid release should be suppressed

39

What is reflux?

backward flow of chyme

40

Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries the fat-soluble vitamins and large fats?

Lymphatic