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Self-assessment 2 *

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1

How are the RDA for almost all vitamin and mineral intakes set?

High, to cover virtually all healthy individuals

2

If a group of people consumed an amount of protein equal to the average requirement for their population group, what percentage would receive insufficient amounts?

50%

3

When consumed in excess, all of the following can be converted to body fat and stored except

Vitamin C.

4

Bob consumes about 2500kcalories per day, which is apportioned as 150 g of fat, 140 g of carbohydrate, and 150 g of protein. What would be the appropiate revisions to help bob adjust his nutrient intake so that it matches the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges?

70 g fat, 156 g protein, 313 g carbohydrate

5

food energy is commonly expressed in kcalories and in

kilojoules

6

All of the following are minimum requirements for becoming a registered for becoming dietitian except

completing up to a three-week clinical internship or the equivalent

7

The most common causes of death today on the United States include all of the following except

tuberculosis

8

What is the term that defines foods that contain nonutrient substances whose known action in the body is to promote well-being to a greater extent than that contributed by the food's nutrients?

functional foods.

9

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as

positive association

10

Which of the following is a purpose of both the Recommeded Dietary Allowance and Adequate intake?

Setting nutrient goals for individuals

11

in the body, the chemical energy in food can be converted to any of the following except

light energy

12

A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kcalories, which includes 30 g of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?

19

13

Recommeded Dietary Allowances may be used to

Assess dietary nutrient for indivivduals

14

What cannot add fat to the body?

inorganic nutrients

15

What is the kcalorie value of meal supplying 110 g of carbohydrates, 25 g of protein, 20 g of fat, and 5 g of alcohol?

755

16

Of the ten leading of illness and death, how many are associated directly with nutriention?

4

17

Which of the following is used to detect nutrient deficiencies?

Assessment techniques

18

The amount of a nutrient that meets the needs of about 98% of a population is termed the

Recommeded Dietary Allowance

19

How many vitamins are known to be required in the diet of human beings?

13

20

What is the benefit of using a large sample size in an experiment?

Chance variation is ruled out

21

In nutrition research, observation of the quantities and types of foods eaten by groups of people and the health status of those groups are knon as

Epidemiological studies

22

Features of a chronic disease include all of the following except

It produces sharp pains.

23

A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories, of which 40% of the energy is from fat and 20% from protein. How many grams of carbohydrates are contained in the diet?

220

24

Which of the following is an organic nutrient?

fat

25

Which of the following represents a rationale for setting the recommedation for energy?

Because a margin of safetywould result in excess energy intake for a large number of people, the figures are set at the average energy intake

26

Excluding fast-food establishment , approximately what percentage of restaurants in the United Staes show an ethnic emphasis?

60

27

which of the following is a result of the metabolism of energy nutrients?

energy is released

28

The goal of Healthy people is to

set goals for the nation's health over the next 10 years

29

inspection of hair, eyes,skin, and posture is part of the nutrition assessment component known as

physical examination

30

Terms that describe a food that provides health benefits beyond its nutrient contribution include all of the following except

phytonutritional food

31

Which of the following most accuratley describes the term organic?

Substances with carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen bonds

32

gram for gram, which of the following provides the most energy?

fats

33

Among the following, which is the major weakness of a laboratory-based study?

the results cannot be applied to human beings

34

All of the following features are shared by the RDA and the AI except

neither is useful for evaluting nutrition prgrams for groups of people.

35

For which of the following titles,by definition, must the individual be college educated and pass a national examination administrated by the American Dietetic Association?

Registered Dietician

36

Which of the following is an example of a macronutrient?

protein

37

A clinical trial must involve

human beings as subjects

38

A normal half-cup vegetable serving weighs approximately how many grams?

100

39

By chemical analysis, what nutrient is present in the highest amounts in most foods?

water

40

If a person consumed the upper AMDR limit for protein as part of a diet containing 2500 kcalories, approximately how many grams of protein would be ingested?

219