Pharmacology, Hitner 6e

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created 4 years ago by amanda2003
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Chapter 1 Definitions
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College: First year, College: Second year
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1

Adverse Effect

general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug effect

2

Agonist

drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic response or drug action

3

Antagonist

drug that binds to a receptor, and interferes with drugs or other substances from producing a drug effect

4

Chemical Name

name that defines the chemical composition of a drug

5

Contraindications

situations or conditions when a drug should NOT be administered

6

Controlled Substance

drug that has a potential for abuse, and is regulated by law

7

Dose

A measurement of the amount of a drug to be administered

8

drug

chemical substance that produces a change in body function

9

Drug indications

indicated or intended use of any drug

10

ED50

effective dose 50, or dose that will produce that is half of the minimal response

11

Generic name

nonproprietary name for a drug

12

LD50

lethal dose 50, or a dose that will kill half of the animals tested

13

Mechanism of Action

location within body where a drug exerts its therapeutic effect

14

OTC Drugs

can be purchased without a physician's order

15

Pharmacology

study of drugs

16

Potency

how strong a drug is

17

Therapeutic index

ratio of LD50 to ED50 in animal studies

18

Toxic effect

undesirable drug effect that implies drug poisoning, can be harmful or lethal

19

trade name

brand name