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Exercise 11: The Appendicular Skeleton

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created 2 years ago by jncanf
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pg. 157 - pg. 163

updated 2 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    deltoid tuberosity
    raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches
  • 2
    humerus
    arm bone
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    scapula, clavicle
    bones of the shoulder girdle
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    radius, ulna
    forearm bones
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    acromion
    scapular region to which the clavicle connects
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    scapula
    shoulder girdle bone that is unattached to the axial skeleton
  • 7
    clavicle
    shoulder girdle bone that articulates with and transmits forces to the bony thorax
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    glenoid cavity
    depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerous
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    coracoid process
    process above the glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachment
  • 10
    clavicle
    the "collarbone"
  • 11
    trochlea
    distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna
  • 12
    ulna
    medial bone of forearm in anatomical position
  • 13
    capitulium
    rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins the radius
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    coronoid fossa
    anteriar depression, superior to the trochlea, which receives part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed
  • 15
    ulna
    forearm bone involved in formation of the elbow joint
  • 16
    carpals
    wrist bones
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    phalanges
    finger bones
  • 18
    metacarpals
    heads of these bones form the knuckles
  • 19
    scapula, sternum
    bones that articulate with the clavicle
  • 20
    How is the arm held clear of the widest dimension of the thoracic cage?
    Clavicle serves as an anterior base or strut to hold the arm away from the top of the thorax
  • 21
    What is the total number of phalanges in the hand?
    14
  • 22
    What is the total number of carpals in the wrist?
    8
  • 23
    Name the carpals (medial to lateral) in the proximal row.
    pisiform-triquetral-lunate-scaphoid
  • 24
    In the distal row, they are (medial to lateral)
    trapezium-trapezoid-capitate-hamate
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  • 31
    The humerus is a (right/left) bone in (an anterior/a posterior) view.
    right; Posterior
  • 32
    The radius and ulna are (right/left) bones in (an anterior/a posterior) view.
    left; Anterior
  • 33
    Pectoral
    flexibility most important; lightweight; insecure axaial and limb attachments
  • 34
    Pelvic
    massive; secure axail and limb attachments; weight-bearing most important
  • 35
    What organs are protected, at least in part, by the pelvic girdle?
    Uterus, bladdar, rectum, small intestine, and reproductive organs
  • 36
    What is the difference between the true pelvis and the false pelvis?
    The true pelvis is small bowl-like shape containing the unrinary bladder and sexual organs. The false pelvis is the area been the alla or wings of the pelvis. This is a much larger area and contains some of the abdominal organs like part of the small intestine and part of the colon.
  • 37
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    This is a (female/male) pelvis because?
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    Female; It is adapted for childbearing, defines birth canal, Farther apart then a males, the sacrum is wider, shorter and less curved then a males. The pelvic inlet (brim) is wider; oval from side to side.
  • 38
    Deduce why the pelvis bones of a four-legged animal such as a cat or pig are less massive than those of the human.
    The pelvic bones of a two-legged animal such as a human have to carry his whole weight, divided by two. A four-legged animal such as a pig divides its weight over four legs, so each leg and each pelvic bone has to bear only a fourth of the animal's weight. As the strain on the bones is a half than in the two-legged case, the bones can be less massive.
  • 39
    A person instinctively curls over his abdominal area in times of danger. Why?
    To prevent a smaller target and also to protect the internal organs and genitalia.
  • 40
    For what anatomical reason do many women appear to be slightly knock-kneed?
    Biologically, women have wider pelvises than men. The angle of their hips turn the legs slightly inward, making some to actually touch at the knees.
  • 41
    How might this anatomical arrangement contribute to knee injuries in female athletes?
    they can be more prone to knee related injuries, such as ACL tears due to high intensity straight knee landing or impact since the knee is already in a weak position.
  • 42
    What does fallen arches mean?
    It mean flat feet or flat footed
  • 43
    illium, ischium, pubis
    fuse to form the coxal bone
  • 44
    ischium
    "sit-down" bone of the coxal bone
  • 45
    pubic symphysis
    point where the coxal bones join anteriorly
  • 46
    iliac crest
    superiormost margin of the coxal bone
  • 47
    acetabulum
    deep socket in the coxal bone that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • 48
    sacroiliac joint
    joint between axaial skeleton and pelvic girdle
  • 49
    femur
    longest, strongest bone in the body
  • 50
    fibula
    thin lateral leg bone
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    tibia
    heavy medial leg bone
  • 52
    femur, tibia, patella
    bones forming knee joint
  • 53
    tibial tuberosity
    point where the patellar ligament attaches
  • 54
    patella
    kneecap
  • 55
    tibia
    shinbone
  • 56
    medial malleolus
    medial ankle projection
  • 57
    lateral malleolus
    lateral ankle projection
  • 58
    calcaneus
    largest tarsal bone
  • 59
    tarsals
    ankle bones
  • 60
    metatarsals
    bones forming the instep of the foot
  • 61
    obturator foramen
    opening in hip bone formed by the pubic and ischial rami
  • 62
    gluteal tuberosity, greater and lesser trochanters
    sites of muscle attachment on the proximal femur
  • 63
    talus
    tarsal bone that "sits" on the calcaneus
  • 64
    tibia
    weight-bearing bone of the leg
  • 65
    talus
    tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia
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    The femur is a (right/left) bone in (an anterior/a posterior) view.
    right; posterior
  • 71
    The tibia and fibula are (right/left) bones in (an anterior/a posterior) view.
    right; anterior
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