Microbiology Chapter 24

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1

The normal microbiota of the female reproductive tract help maintain a vaginal pH of about 4.5. Why is this important?

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2

Which part of the urinary tract is sterile?

What part contains its own microbiota? What are the most common organisms?

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3

What is the most common bacteria that infects the urinary bladder and urethra? What is the route of contamination? Why is it more common in females?

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4

How is it determined (diagnosed) that someone has a bacterial urinary tract infection? Be specific in terms of numbers of bacteria, etc.

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5

Leptospirosis is caused by ___________________________ (what organism?). What is the reservoir and in what manner do humans get infected?

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6

Streptococcal Acute Glomerulonephritis is caused by some group A strains of Streptococci. What organ of the body does this disease affect? How does it cause the disease?

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7

Staphylococcus Toxic Shock Syndrome is caused by a certain strain of S. aureus. What is one of the reasons this is more common in females? How did government intervention reduce the number of occurrences since 1980?

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8

Gonorrhea is caused by what general group of organisms? How does this organism reach other organs of the body (besides the reproductive organs)?

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9

How does the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae travel up the uterine tubes to produce pelvic inflammatory disease? Be specific.

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10

Why might a person get repeated occurrences of cold sores?

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11

Why do physicians place antimicrobial agents in babies’ eyes at birth?

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12

Although vaginal douching is a cleansing procedure, it can actually promote infection. Explain.

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13

What is the causative agent for Syphilis? (i.e., bacteria?, etc.)
Distinguish between primary, secondary and tertiary lesions, and the timeframe in which each occurs.

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14

What would be the concern if a pregnant woman has latent syphilis?

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15

What is the cause of genital warts?
What are some of the other diseases that may be associated with this?

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16

Trichomonas vaginalis is caused by what general group of organisms? (i.e. bacteria, etc.

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17

Explain why a female who has a history of gonorrhea infections is more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy.

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