Ch 5 and 10
beliefs or attitudes about the worth of a person, object, idea or action
opinions, interpretations or conclusions that people accept as true; based more on faith than facts.
mental positions or feelings toward a person, object, or idea.
what are the 5 essential nursing values
- Human dignity
- Social justice
Pg 82 (9e) for further explaination
eithics as applied to human life or healh
ex; decisions about abortion or euthanasia
ethical issues that occur in nursing practice
private, personal standards of what is right and wrong in conduct, character, and attitude
process of learning to tell the difference between right and wrong and of learning what ought and ought not to be done
Consequence based (teleological) theories
outcomes of an action in judging whether that action is right or wrong
one form of consequentiaist theory, views a good act as one that is most useful, brings the most good and the least harm for the greatest number of people.
Principles-based (deontological) theories
involve logical and formal processes and emphasize individual rights, duties, and obligations.
specific prescription for actions
ex; people should not lie
right to make ones own decisions
duty to "do no harm"
means "doing good"
to be faithful to agreements and promises.
refers to telling the truth
code of ethics
ideals, values and set of ethical principles
- shared by members of the group
- reflects their moral judgements over time
- serves as a standard for their professional actions
According to the nursing code of ethics, the nurse's first loyalty is to the __________
serious issue in the workplace
involves actions to bring about the client's death directly, with or without client consent.
also called mercy killing
withdrawing or withholding life-sustaning therapy (WWLST)
giving the client "no code" status
withholding attempts to revive the clients
the overall goal of the client advocate is to
protect clients rights
the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.
process of purposeful, self regulatory judgment
systematic, rational method of planning and providing individualized nursing care
information that clarifies the nature of the problem and suggests possible solutions
formalized, logical, systematic approach to problem solving.
to choose the best action to meet desired goal
technique that uses a graphic depiction of nonlinear and linear relationships to represent critical thinking