Ch 5 and 10

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1

Values

beliefs or attitudes about the worth of a person, object, idea or action

2

beliefs

opinions, interpretations or conclusions that people accept as true; based more on faith than facts.

3

Attitudes

mental positions or feelings toward a person, object, or idea.

4

what are the 5 essential nursing values

  1. Altruism
  2. Autonomy
  3. Human dignity
  4. Integrity
  5. Social justice
5

ethics

moral principles

Pg 82 (9e) for further explaination

6

bioethics

eithics as applied to human life or healh

ex; decisions about abortion or euthanasia

7

Nursing ethics

ethical issues that occur in nursing practice

8

Morality

private, personal standards of what is right and wrong in conduct, character, and attitude

9

moral development

process of learning to tell the difference between right and wrong and of learning what ought and ought not to be done

10

Consequence based (teleological) theories

outcomes of an action in judging whether that action is right or wrong

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Utilitarianism

one form of consequentiaist theory, views a good act as one that is most useful, brings the most good and the least harm for the greatest number of people.

12

Principles-based (deontological) theories

involve logical and formal processes and emphasize individual rights, duties, and obligations.

13

moral rules

specific prescription for actions

ex; people should not lie

14

Autonomy

right to make ones own decisions

15

Nonmaleficence

duty to "do no harm"

16

Beneficence

means "doing good"

17

justice

fairness

18

Fidelity

to be faithful to agreements and promises.

19

Veracity

refers to telling the truth

20

code of ethics

ideals, values and set of ethical principles

  1. shared by members of the group
  2. reflects their moral judgements over time
  3. serves as a standard for their professional actions
21

According to the nursing code of ethics, the nurse's first loyalty is to the __________

client

22

moral distress

serious issue in the workplace

(moral issues)

23

Active euhanasia

involves actions to bring about the client's death directly, with or without client consent.

also called mercy killing

24

Passive euthanasia

withdrawing or withholding life-sustaning therapy (WWLST)

giving the client "no code" status

withholding attempts to revive the clients

25

the overall goal of the client advocate is to

protect clients rights

26

critical thinking

the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.

process of purposeful, self regulatory judgment

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nursing process

systematic, rational method of planning and providing individualized nursing care

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problem solving

information that clarifies the nature of the problem and suggests possible solutions

29

research process

formalized, logical, systematic approach to problem solving.

30

decision making

to choose the best action to meet desired goal

31

concept mapping

technique that uses a graphic depiction of nonlinear and linear relationships to represent critical thinking